[Rare cause of gastrointestinal bleeding].Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2019; 144(21):1505-1508DM
HISTOLOGY AND CLINICAL FINDINGS
We report on a 66-year-old-patient with plasmocytoma, who presented with melena since 3 days, dyspnea and dizzyness.
INVESTIGATION AND DIAGNOSIS
Because of the laboratory and clinical examination the suspected diagnosis was an active gastrointestinal bleeding. The performed gastroduodenoscopy and sigmoidoscopy could not verify an active bleeding. Thus a contrast-enhanced computed tomography was performed additionally and showed abnormal enhancement as well as a ballooning of the proximal jejunum. Subsequently a jejunoscopy was performed where an actively bleeding mass was found.
TREATMENT AND COURSE
Due to the known medical history of a plasmocytoma and in conjunction with the performed examinations the suspected diagnosis of an extramedullary metastasis of a plasmocytoma in the jejunum was made. Since only temporary control of the bleeding could be achieved, a segmental resection of the small bowel was performed. The following histological examination confirmed the diagnosis.
The differential diagnosis for gastrointestinal bleeding includes also rarely neoplastic manifestations in the small bowel. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography can aide in the localization of the bleeding side and determination of the cause of hemorrhage.