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[Personal Factors of the Bio-Psycho-Social Model (WHO): A Revised Classification by the German Society for Social Medicine and Prevention (DGSMP)].

Abstract

BACKGROUND

In 2010, the ICF working group of Faculty II "Applied Social Medicine and Rehabilitation" of the German Society for Social Medicine and Prevention, DGSMP proposed a classification of personal factors (PF) for the German-speaking area. Meanwhile, the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and WHO's bio-psycho-social model were increasingly integrated into the German Social Code (Book IX for Rehabilitation and Participation). It was a legislative decision that the needs assessment for the rehabilitation process must be "comprehensive".

AIM

This publication aims to present an updated classification of PF to support the socio-medical assessment. For this purpose other published papers proposing a classification of PF were analyzed, especially the publication of Geyh et al. METHODS: The multiprofessional working group re-examined the basic structure, consistency and selection of factors of the 2010 classification using a qualitative approach and modified them if meaningful and necessary. The principles for the selection of factors were the same as in the 2010 publication (comprehensive, manageable, universal, impartial, relevant, unambiguous, focusing on finality, not regarding causality and non-discriminatory).

RESULTS

A fundamental revision was not necessary; the basic structure remained primarily unchanged. Some items were included, excluded, summarized, shifted and editorially or content-related altered. Legal expertise shows that the classification of PF and their individual use for the socio-medical assessment, if necessary for the individual rehabilitation allocation, incur no problems with regard to data-protection regulations.

PERSPECTIVES

The revised classification is ready to support users to describe and document relevant influences of the life background of individuals in a structured manner. Thus, influences on functioning and participation can be described comprehensively and transparently based on the bio-psycho-social model. A justiciable allocation of benefits for persons with disabilities is facilitated.

Authors+Show Affiliations

MDK Niedersachsen, Vizepräsidentin der DGSMP und Leiterin der AG "ICF", Leiterin der Sozialmedizinischen Expertengruppe "Leistungsbeurteilung/Teilhabe" der MDK Gemeinschaft, Hannover.Stellvertretender Leiter der AG "ICF" der DGSMP.DRV Bund, Geschäftsbereich Sozialmedizin und Rehabilitation, Leiterin Bereich Sozialmedizin, Berlin.Institut für Medizinische Informationsverarbeitung, Biometrie und Epidemiologie - IBE, Lehrstuhl für Public Health und Versorgungsforschung, Pettenkofer School of Public Health, Leitung Fachbereich Biopsychosoziale Gesundheit, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU), München.Schweizer Paraplegiker-Zentrum Nottwil, Universität Zürich, Direktor Schweizer Paraplegiker-Zentrum Nottwil, Schweiz.Rehabilitationsklinik Herzogsägmühle, Leiter Bereich Rehabilitation, Peiting-Herzogsägmühle.Mitglied der AG "ICF" der DGSMP.Schweizer Paraplegiker-Forschung Nottwil, Gruppenleiter "Partizipation, Integration und soziale Epidemiologie", Lehrbeauftragter der Universität Luzern, Schweiz.Vorsitzender des Ärztlichen Sachverständigenrates der Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft für Rehabilitation (BAR), Hannover.Schweizer Paraplegiker-Zentrum Nottwil Leiter Soziale und Berufliche Integration, Schweiz.Mitarbeiterin des Kreises Segeberg (Jugendhilfe), Bad Segeberg.Katholische Universität Eichstätt Ingolstadt, Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin an der Professur für psychologische Diagnostik und Interventionspsychologie, Eichstätt.Mitglied der AG "ICF" der DGSMP, Nürnberg.Honorarprofessor im Fachbereich Sozial- und Kulturwissenschaften der Hochschule Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf.Vizepräsidentin der Deutschen Rheuma Liga und stellvertretende Vorsitzende der BAG - Selbsthilfe, Berlin.Teamleiter Reha- und Teilhaberecht, Fachbereich Programme und Produkte der Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft für Rehabilitation (BAR), Frankfurt.Leiter Akutmedizin, Schweizer Paraplegiker-Zentrum Nottwil, Schweiz.

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

ger

PubMed ID

31634963

Citation

Grotkamp, Sabine, et al. "[Personal Factors of the Bio-Psycho-Social Model (WHO): a Revised Classification By the German Society for Social Medicine and Prevention (DGSMP)]." Gesundheitswesen (Bundesverband Der Arzte Des Offentlichen Gesundheitsdienstes (Germany)), 2019.
Grotkamp S, Cibis W, Brüggemann S, et al. [Personal Factors of the Bio-Psycho-Social Model (WHO): A Revised Classification by the German Society for Social Medicine and Prevention (DGSMP)]. Gesundheitswesen. 2019.
Grotkamp, S., Cibis, W., Brüggemann, S., Coenen, M. M., Gmünder, H. P., Keller, K., ... Schmitt, K. (2019). [Personal Factors of the Bio-Psycho-Social Model (WHO): A Revised Classification by the German Society for Social Medicine and Prevention (DGSMP)]. Gesundheitswesen (Bundesverband Der Arzte Des Offentlichen Gesundheitsdienstes (Germany)), doi:10.1055/a-1011-3161.
Grotkamp S, et al. [Personal Factors of the Bio-Psycho-Social Model (WHO): a Revised Classification By the German Society for Social Medicine and Prevention (DGSMP)]. Gesundheitswesen. 2019 Oct 21; PubMed PMID: 31634963.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Personal Factors of the Bio-Psycho-Social Model (WHO): A Revised Classification by the German Society for Social Medicine and Prevention (DGSMP)]. AU - Grotkamp,Sabine, AU - Cibis,Wolfgang, AU - Brüggemann,Silke, AU - Coenen,M Michaela, AU - Gmünder,Hans-Peter, AU - Keller,Klaus, AU - Nüchtern,Elisabeth, AU - Schwegler,Urban, AU - Seger,Wolfgang, AU - Staubli,Stefan, AU - Raison,B Bia von, AU - Weiβmann,R, AU - Bahemann,A, AU - Fuchs,H, AU - Rink,M, AU - Schian,Marcus, AU - Schmitt,Klaus, Y1 - 2019/10/21/ PY - 2019/10/22/entrez PY - 2019/10/22/pubmed PY - 2019/10/22/medline JF - Gesundheitswesen (Bundesverband der Arzte des Offentlichen Gesundheitsdienstes (Germany)) JO - Gesundheitswesen N2 - BACKGROUND: In 2010, the ICF working group of Faculty II "Applied Social Medicine and Rehabilitation" of the German Society for Social Medicine and Prevention, DGSMP proposed a classification of personal factors (PF) for the German-speaking area. Meanwhile, the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and WHO's bio-psycho-social model were increasingly integrated into the German Social Code (Book IX for Rehabilitation and Participation). It was a legislative decision that the needs assessment for the rehabilitation process must be "comprehensive". AIM: This publication aims to present an updated classification of PF to support the socio-medical assessment. For this purpose other published papers proposing a classification of PF were analyzed, especially the publication of Geyh et al. METHODS: The multiprofessional working group re-examined the basic structure, consistency and selection of factors of the 2010 classification using a qualitative approach and modified them if meaningful and necessary. The principles for the selection of factors were the same as in the 2010 publication (comprehensive, manageable, universal, impartial, relevant, unambiguous, focusing on finality, not regarding causality and non-discriminatory). RESULTS: A fundamental revision was not necessary; the basic structure remained primarily unchanged. Some items were included, excluded, summarized, shifted and editorially or content-related altered. Legal expertise shows that the classification of PF and their individual use for the socio-medical assessment, if necessary for the individual rehabilitation allocation, incur no problems with regard to data-protection regulations. PERSPECTIVES: The revised classification is ready to support users to describe and document relevant influences of the life background of individuals in a structured manner. Thus, influences on functioning and participation can be described comprehensively and transparently based on the bio-psycho-social model. A justiciable allocation of benefits for persons with disabilities is facilitated. SN - 1439-4421 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31634963/[Personal_Factors_of_the_Bio-Psycho-Social_Model_(WHO):_A_Revised_Classification_by_the_German_Society_for_Social_Medicine_and_Prevention_(DGSMP)] L2 - http://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/a-1011-3161 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -