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Bystander-initiated conventional vs compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation and outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to drowning.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Great emphasis has been placed on rescue breathing in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) due to drowning. However, there is no evidence about the effect of rescue breathing on neurologically favorable survival after OHCA due to drowning. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of bystander-initiated conventional (with rescue breathing) versus compression-only (without rescue breathing) cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in OHCA due to drowning.

METHODS

This nationwide population-based observational study using prospectively collected government-led registry data included patients with OHCA due to drowning who were transported to an emergency hospital in Japan between 2013 and 2016. The primary outcome was one-month neurologically favorable survival.

RESULTS

The full cohort (n = 5,121) comprised 2,486 (48.5%) male patients, and the mean age was 72.4 years (standard deviation, 21.6). Of these, 968 (18.9%) received conventional CPR, and 4,153 (81.1%) received compression-only CPR. 928 patients receiving conventional CPR were propensity-matched with 928 patients receiving compression-only CPR. In the propensity score-matched cohort, one-month neurologically favorable survival was not significantly different between the two groups (7.5% in the conventional CPR group vs. 6.6% in the compression-only CPR group; risk ratio, 1.15; 95% confidence interval, 0.82-1.60; P = 0.4147). This association was consistent across a variety of subgroup analyses.

CONCLUSIONS

Among patients with OHCA due to drowning, there were no differences in one-month neurologically favorable survival between bystander-initiated conventional and compression-only CPR groups, although several important data (e.g., water temperature, submersion duration, or body of water) could not be addressed. Further study is warranted to confirm our findings.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, 207 Uehara, Nishihara-cho, Okinawa, 903-0215, Japan. Electronic address: tatsumafukuda-jpn@umin.ac.jp.Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655, Japan.Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 160-8582, Japan.Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Juntendo University Urayasu Hospital, 2-1-1 Tomioka, Urayasu-shi, Chiba, 279-0021, Japan.Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, 207 Uehara, Nishihara-cho, Okinawa, 903-0215, Japan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31639461

Citation

Fukuda, Tatsuma, et al. "Bystander-initiated Conventional Vs Compression-only Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Outcomes After Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest Due to Drowning." Resuscitation, 2019.
Fukuda T, Ohashi-Fukuda N, Hayashida K, et al. Bystander-initiated conventional vs compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation and outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to drowning. Resuscitation. 2019.
Fukuda, T., Ohashi-Fukuda, N., Hayashida, K., Kondo, Y., & Kukita, I. (2019). Bystander-initiated conventional vs compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation and outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to drowning. Resuscitation, doi:10.1016/j.resuscitation.2019.08.026.
Fukuda T, et al. Bystander-initiated Conventional Vs Compression-only Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Outcomes After Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest Due to Drowning. Resuscitation. 2019 Aug 22; PubMed PMID: 31639461.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Bystander-initiated conventional vs compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation and outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to drowning. AU - Fukuda,Tatsuma, AU - Ohashi-Fukuda,Naoko, AU - Hayashida,Kei, AU - Kondo,Yutaka, AU - Kukita,Ichiro, Y1 - 2019/08/22/ PY - 2019/06/19/received PY - 2019/07/30/revised PY - 2019/08/17/accepted PY - 2019/10/23/entrez PY - 2019/10/23/pubmed PY - 2019/10/23/medline KW - Basic life support KW - Cardiopulmonary resuscitation KW - Drowning KW - Epidemiology KW - Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest JF - Resuscitation JO - Resuscitation N2 - BACKGROUND: Great emphasis has been placed on rescue breathing in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) due to drowning. However, there is no evidence about the effect of rescue breathing on neurologically favorable survival after OHCA due to drowning. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of bystander-initiated conventional (with rescue breathing) versus compression-only (without rescue breathing) cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in OHCA due to drowning. METHODS: This nationwide population-based observational study using prospectively collected government-led registry data included patients with OHCA due to drowning who were transported to an emergency hospital in Japan between 2013 and 2016. The primary outcome was one-month neurologically favorable survival. RESULTS: The full cohort (n = 5,121) comprised 2,486 (48.5%) male patients, and the mean age was 72.4 years (standard deviation, 21.6). Of these, 968 (18.9%) received conventional CPR, and 4,153 (81.1%) received compression-only CPR. 928 patients receiving conventional CPR were propensity-matched with 928 patients receiving compression-only CPR. In the propensity score-matched cohort, one-month neurologically favorable survival was not significantly different between the two groups (7.5% in the conventional CPR group vs. 6.6% in the compression-only CPR group; risk ratio, 1.15; 95% confidence interval, 0.82-1.60; P = 0.4147). This association was consistent across a variety of subgroup analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with OHCA due to drowning, there were no differences in one-month neurologically favorable survival between bystander-initiated conventional and compression-only CPR groups, although several important data (e.g., water temperature, submersion duration, or body of water) could not be addressed. Further study is warranted to confirm our findings. SN - 1873-1570 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31639461/Bystander-initiated_conventional_vs_compression-only_cardiopulmonary_resuscitation_and_outcomes_after_out-of-hospital_cardiac_arrest_due_to_drowning L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0300-9572(19)30587-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -