Implicit atomistic viscosities in smoothed dissipative particle dynamics.Phys Rev E 2019; 100(3-1):033318PR
We apply a standard nonequilibrium dynamics microscopic analysis of transport coefficients to the smoothed dissipative particle dynamics (SDPD) method of steady-shear flow conditions. Extending the research of Ellero et al. [Phys. Rev. E 82, 046702 (2010)PRESCM1539-375510.1103/PhysRevE.82.046702] for smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH), we focus, in particular, on velocity and acceleration statistics and on mean-density phenomena. Implicit and explicit fluctuations affect non-Gaussian statistics and effective viscosities whereas only explicit fluctuations affect large-scale dissipation through the fluctuation-dissipation relation. SDPD facilitates the simulation of mesoscopic systems as the resolution scale is defined by the scaling of the random fluctuations. In the kinetic regime, SDPD recovers the behavior of SPH. In the diffusive regime, non-Gaussian behavior occurs, in contrast to SPH. We observe the formation of isotropic randomly oriented structures with high density which are related to the magnitude of thermal fluctuations. It is demonstrated that SDPD produces non-Gaussian acceleration PDF corresponding to that of a turbulent flow field.