Insights into the Pathophysiology of Infertility in Females with Classical Galactosaemia.Int J Mol Sci. 2019 Oct 22; 20(20)IJ
Classical galactosaemia (CG) (OMIM 230400) is a rare inborn error of galactose metabolism caused by the deficiency of the enzyme galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase (GALT, EC 184.108.40.206). Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is the most common long-term complication experienced by females with CG, presenting with hypergonadotrophic hypoestrogenic infertility affecting at least 80% of females despite new-born screening and lifelong galactose dietary restriction. In this review, we describe the hypothesized pathophysiology of POI from CG, implications of timing of the ovarian dysfunction, and the new horizons and future prospects for treatments and fertility preservation.