Reoxygenation injury in isolated hepatocytes: cell death precedes conversion of xanthine dehydrogenase to xanthine oxidase.Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1988 Aug 30; 155(1):278-82.BB
Reoxygenation of isolated hepatocytes from fed rats after 3 h of anaerobic incubation led to a significantly enhanced loss of cell viability. No evidence for the participation of reactive oxygen species generated by xanthine oxidase in this reoxygenation injury was found. Conversion of xanthine dehydrogenase to xanthine oxidase occurred at a time when almost all of the hepatocytes had lost their viability. Furthermore, xanthine dehydrogenase was first released from the severely injured cells and then converted to the oxidase form. The results suggest that in the intact organ participation of reactive oxygen species, generated by xanthine oxidase, in reoxygenation injury may only occur when, upon reoxygenation, hypoxic cell injury in part of the tissue has progressed to such an extent that there is a significant conversion of xanthine dehydrogenase to xanthine oxidase.