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The Wittenoom legacy.

Abstract

The Wittenoom crocidolite (blue asbestos) mine and mill ceased operating in 1966. The impact of this industry on asbestos-related disease in Western Australia has been immense. Use of the employment records of the Australian Blue Asbestos Company and records of the Wittenoom township residents has permitted two cohorts of people with virtually exclusive exposure to crocidolite to be assembled and studied. Follow-up of these two cohorts has been conducted through data linkage with available hospital, mortality and cancer records. The evolution of asbestos-related disease has been recorded and, with the establishment of exposure measurements, quantitative exposure-response relationships have been estimated. There has been an ongoing epidemic of mortality from lung cancer and malignant mesothelioma and, less so, from asbestosis. Wittenoom crocidolite was used extensively in asbestos-cement products in Western Australia. As a result, the state has recorded a higher malignant-mesothelioma mortality rate than in any other Australian state and in any defined general population in the world. Thus, the legacy of Wittenoom has extended beyond the mine and the town, and is still evident more than 50 years after the closure of the mine.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Population and Global Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia.School of Public Health, Curtin University, Bentley, WA, Australia.School of Population and Global Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia.School of Population and Global Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia.School of Population and Global Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia.School of Population and Global Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia.School of Population and Global Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia. PathWest Laboratories Medicine of WA, Nedlands, WA, Australia.School of Arts, Murdoch University, Perth, WA, Australia.Previously, Venetian Mesothelioma Registry, National Health Service, Padua, Italy.Curtin Medical School, Curtin University, Bentley, WA, Australia.School of Public Health, Curtin University, Bentley, WA, Australia.PathWest Laboratories Medicine of WA, Nedlands, WA, Australia.School of Population and Global Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia.School of Population and Global Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia. Telethon Kids Institute, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31670764

Citation

Musk, Arthur W Bill, et al. "The Wittenoom Legacy." International Journal of Epidemiology, 2019.
Musk AWB, Reid A, Olsen N, et al. The Wittenoom legacy. Int J Epidemiol. 2019.
Musk, A. W. B., Reid, A., Olsen, N., Hobbs, M., Armstrong, B., Franklin, P., ... de Klerk, N. (2019). The Wittenoom legacy. International Journal of Epidemiology, doi:10.1093/ije/dyz204.
Musk AWB, et al. The Wittenoom Legacy. Int J Epidemiol. 2019 Oct 31; PubMed PMID: 31670764.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Wittenoom legacy. AU - Musk,Arthur W Bill, AU - Reid,Alison, AU - Olsen,Nola, AU - Hobbs,Michael, AU - Armstrong,Bruce, AU - Franklin,Peter, AU - Hui,Jennie, AU - Layman,Lenore, AU - Merler,Enzo, AU - Brims,Fraser, AU - Alfonso,Helman, AU - Shilkin,Keith, AU - Sodhi-Berry,Nita, AU - de Klerk,Nicholas, Y1 - 2019/10/31/ PY - 2019/08/07/received PY - 2019/10/17/accepted PY - 2019/11/1/entrez PY - 2019/11/2/pubmed PY - 2019/11/2/medline KW - Asbestos KW - Wittenoom KW - asbestos-related disease KW - crocidolite KW - mesothelioma KW - review JF - International journal of epidemiology JO - Int J Epidemiol N2 - The Wittenoom crocidolite (blue asbestos) mine and mill ceased operating in 1966. The impact of this industry on asbestos-related disease in Western Australia has been immense. Use of the employment records of the Australian Blue Asbestos Company and records of the Wittenoom township residents has permitted two cohorts of people with virtually exclusive exposure to crocidolite to be assembled and studied. Follow-up of these two cohorts has been conducted through data linkage with available hospital, mortality and cancer records. The evolution of asbestos-related disease has been recorded and, with the establishment of exposure measurements, quantitative exposure-response relationships have been estimated. There has been an ongoing epidemic of mortality from lung cancer and malignant mesothelioma and, less so, from asbestosis. Wittenoom crocidolite was used extensively in asbestos-cement products in Western Australia. As a result, the state has recorded a higher malignant-mesothelioma mortality rate than in any other Australian state and in any defined general population in the world. Thus, the legacy of Wittenoom has extended beyond the mine and the town, and is still evident more than 50 years after the closure of the mine. SN - 1464-3685 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31670764/The_Wittenoom_legacy L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ije/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ije/dyz204 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -