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A scoping review of mentor training programs in medicine between 1990 and 2017.
Med Educ Online. 2019 Dec; 24(1):1555435.ME

Abstract

Effective mentoring enhances the personal and professional development of mentees and mentors, boosts the reputation of host organizations and improves patient outcomes. Much of this success hinges upon the mentor's ability to nurture personalized mentoring relationships and mentoring environments, provide effective feedback and render timely, responsive, appropriate, and personalized support. However, mentors are often untrained raising concerns about the quality and oversight of mentoring support.To promote effective and consistent use of mentor training in medical education, this scoping review asks what mentor training programs are available in undergraduate and postgraduate medicine and how they may inform the creation of an evidenced-based framework for mentor training.Six reviewers adopted Arksey and O'Malley's approach to scoping reviews to study prevailing mentor-training programs and guidelines in postgraduate education programs and in medical schools. The focus was on novice mentoring approaches. Six reviewers carried out independent searches with similar inclusion/exclusion criteria using PubMed, ERIC, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Google Scholar, and grey literature databases. Included were theses and book chapters published in English or had English translations published between 1 January 1990 and 31 December 2017. Braun and Clarke's approach to thematic analysis was adopted to circumnavigate mentoring's and mentor training's evolving, context-specific, goal-sensitive, learner-, tutor- and relationally dependent nature that prevents simple comparisons of mentor training across different settings and mentee and mentor populations.In total, 3585 abstracts were retrieved, 232 full-text articles were reviewed, 68 articles were included and four themes were identified including the structure, content, outcomes and evaluation of mentor training program.The themes identified provide the basis for an evidence-based, practice-guided framework for a longitudinal mentor training program in medicine and identifies the essential topics to be covered in mentor training programs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.Department of Family Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.University of Liverpool, Marie Curie Palliative Care Institute, Liverpool, UK.Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore. Division of Palliative Medicine, National Cancer Centre Singapore, Singapore. Centre of Biomedical Ethics, National University of Singapore, Singapore. Duke- NUS Medical School, Singapore.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31671284

Citation

Sheri, Krish, et al. "A Scoping Review of Mentor Training Programs in Medicine Between 1990 and 2017." Medical Education Online, vol. 24, no. 1, 2019, p. 1555435.
Sheri K, Too JYJ, Chuah SEL, et al. A scoping review of mentor training programs in medicine between 1990 and 2017. Med Educ Online. 2019;24(1):1555435.
Sheri, K., Too, J. Y. J., Chuah, S. E. L., Toh, Y. P., Mason, S., & Radha Krishna, L. K. (2019). A scoping review of mentor training programs in medicine between 1990 and 2017. Medical Education Online, 24(1), 1555435. https://doi.org/10.1080/10872981.2018.1555435
Sheri K, et al. A Scoping Review of Mentor Training Programs in Medicine Between 1990 and 2017. Med Educ Online. 2019;24(1):1555435. PubMed PMID: 31671284.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A scoping review of mentor training programs in medicine between 1990 and 2017. AU - Sheri,Krish, AU - Too,Jue Ying Joan, AU - Chuah,Sing En Lydia, AU - Toh,Ying Pin, AU - Mason,Stephen, AU - Radha Krishna,Lalit Kumar, PY - 2019/11/1/entrez PY - 2019/11/2/pubmed PY - 2020/2/11/medline KW - Mentor KW - medical education KW - mentor training KW - mentoring framework KW - postgraduate mentoring KW - undergraduate mentoring SP - 1555435 EP - 1555435 JF - Medical education online JO - Med Educ Online VL - 24 IS - 1 N2 - Effective mentoring enhances the personal and professional development of mentees and mentors, boosts the reputation of host organizations and improves patient outcomes. Much of this success hinges upon the mentor's ability to nurture personalized mentoring relationships and mentoring environments, provide effective feedback and render timely, responsive, appropriate, and personalized support. However, mentors are often untrained raising concerns about the quality and oversight of mentoring support.To promote effective and consistent use of mentor training in medical education, this scoping review asks what mentor training programs are available in undergraduate and postgraduate medicine and how they may inform the creation of an evidenced-based framework for mentor training.Six reviewers adopted Arksey and O'Malley's approach to scoping reviews to study prevailing mentor-training programs and guidelines in postgraduate education programs and in medical schools. The focus was on novice mentoring approaches. Six reviewers carried out independent searches with similar inclusion/exclusion criteria using PubMed, ERIC, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Google Scholar, and grey literature databases. Included were theses and book chapters published in English or had English translations published between 1 January 1990 and 31 December 2017. Braun and Clarke's approach to thematic analysis was adopted to circumnavigate mentoring's and mentor training's evolving, context-specific, goal-sensitive, learner-, tutor- and relationally dependent nature that prevents simple comparisons of mentor training across different settings and mentee and mentor populations.In total, 3585 abstracts were retrieved, 232 full-text articles were reviewed, 68 articles were included and four themes were identified including the structure, content, outcomes and evaluation of mentor training program.The themes identified provide the basis for an evidence-based, practice-guided framework for a longitudinal mentor training program in medicine and identifies the essential topics to be covered in mentor training programs. SN - 1087-2981 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31671284/A_scoping_review_of_mentor_training_programs_in_medicine_between_1990_and_2017_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10872981.2018.1555435 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -