Acute myocarditis complicated with permanent complete atrioventricular block caused by Escherichia coli bacteremia: A rare case report.Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Nov; 98(44):e17833.M
Acute myocarditis complicated with complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) is rare in clinical scenario. We report an uncommon case of myocarditis complicated with permanent CAVB caused by Escherichia coli (E coli) bacteremia.
A 77-year-old woman presented at the emergency department with chest pain, dizziness, nausea, and cold sweats of 1-day duration. She had histories of type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, and chronic kidney disease with regular medical therapy.
Both blood and urine cultures were positive for E coli. Regional inferior wall motion abnormalities on echocardiography, unexplained life-threatening arrhythmias, newly abnormal electrocardiogram, elevated cardiac troponins, and healthy coronary arteries on angiography were consistent with E coli-induced myocarditis.
The patient received implantation of a dual-chamber pacemaker because of irreversible CAVB.
The patient was discharged on day 8 and remained asymptomatic at 15 months of follow-up, with ST-segment normalization and normal left ventricular function.
This extremely rare case of E coli-induced myocarditis masquerading as acute STEMI and with permanent CAVB sequelae, highlights the importance of sensitivity to non-ischemia etiologies of ST-segment elevation and the potential impact of E coli sepsis on the cardiac conduction system.