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Examination of Actual and Ideal Body-Related Characteristics and Body-Related Pride in Adult Males.
Am J Mens Health. 2019 10; 13(5):1557988319874642.AJ

Abstract

Body image concerns are becoming more prevalent in males. Discrepancies between actual and ideal body muscularity and thinness have been studied from a pathological perspective whereby perceiving the body as discrepant from an internalized ideal is associated with body dissatisfaction, negative emotions, and harmful body-altering behaviors. It is unclear if agreement among actual and ideal self-perceptions is associated with positive emotion in males. The present study examined the associations between actual and ideal congruence and discrepancies in muscularity and thinness, and two facets of pride (i.e., authentic and hubristic pride) in male adults. Participants (n = 294; Mage = 34.80 years; MBMI = 27.31 kg/m2) completed a cross-sectional self-report survey. Results from polynomial regressions indicated that actual and ideal self-perceptions of muscularity and thinness were significant predictors of both authentic (R2 = .37 and .20) and hubristic pride (R2 = .33 and .19), respectively. Response surface values demonstrated that extremely high or low scores that were congruent for muscularity (a2 = .35 and .40) and thinness (a2 = .18 and .18) perceptions were associated with higher reports of authentic and hubristic pride. These findings demonstrated that congruence in actual and ideal self-perceptions contribute to feelings of pride, suggesting interventions that promote actual and ideal self-perception congruence may be important for fostering positive emotional experiences in males.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. Department of Kinesiology, the Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31690212

Citation

Mackowiak, Robert, et al. "Examination of Actual and Ideal Body-Related Characteristics and Body-Related Pride in Adult Males." American Journal of Men's Health, vol. 13, no. 5, 2019, p. 1557988319874642.
Mackowiak R, Lucibello KM, Gilchrist JD, et al. Examination of Actual and Ideal Body-Related Characteristics and Body-Related Pride in Adult Males. Am J Mens Health. 2019;13(5):1557988319874642.
Mackowiak, R., Lucibello, K. M., Gilchrist, J. D., & Sabiston, C. M. (2019). Examination of Actual and Ideal Body-Related Characteristics and Body-Related Pride in Adult Males. American Journal of Men's Health, 13(5), 1557988319874642. https://doi.org/10.1177/1557988319874642
Mackowiak R, et al. Examination of Actual and Ideal Body-Related Characteristics and Body-Related Pride in Adult Males. Am J Mens Health. 2019;13(5):1557988319874642. PubMed PMID: 31690212.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Examination of Actual and Ideal Body-Related Characteristics and Body-Related Pride in Adult Males. AU - Mackowiak,Robert, AU - Lucibello,Kristen M, AU - Gilchrist,Jenna D, AU - Sabiston,Catherine M, PY - 2019/11/7/entrez PY - 2019/11/7/pubmed PY - 2019/11/7/medline KW - Body image KW - mental health KW - muscle dysmorphia KW - quantitative research SP - 1557988319874642 EP - 1557988319874642 JF - American journal of men's health JO - Am J Mens Health VL - 13 IS - 5 N2 - Body image concerns are becoming more prevalent in males. Discrepancies between actual and ideal body muscularity and thinness have been studied from a pathological perspective whereby perceiving the body as discrepant from an internalized ideal is associated with body dissatisfaction, negative emotions, and harmful body-altering behaviors. It is unclear if agreement among actual and ideal self-perceptions is associated with positive emotion in males. The present study examined the associations between actual and ideal congruence and discrepancies in muscularity and thinness, and two facets of pride (i.e., authentic and hubristic pride) in male adults. Participants (n = 294; Mage = 34.80 years; MBMI = 27.31 kg/m2) completed a cross-sectional self-report survey. Results from polynomial regressions indicated that actual and ideal self-perceptions of muscularity and thinness were significant predictors of both authentic (R2 = .37 and .20) and hubristic pride (R2 = .33 and .19), respectively. Response surface values demonstrated that extremely high or low scores that were congruent for muscularity (a2 = .35 and .40) and thinness (a2 = .18 and .18) perceptions were associated with higher reports of authentic and hubristic pride. These findings demonstrated that congruence in actual and ideal self-perceptions contribute to feelings of pride, suggesting interventions that promote actual and ideal self-perception congruence may be important for fostering positive emotional experiences in males. SN - 1557-9891 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31690212/Examination_of_Actual_and_Ideal_Body-Related_Characteristics_and_Body-Related_Pride_in_Adult_Males L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1557988319874642?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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