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[Trends in verbal bullying, domestic violence, and involvement in fights with firearms among adolescents in Brazilian state capitals from 2009 to 2015].
Cad Saude Publica. 2019; 35(11):e00195118.CS

Abstract

This study analyzes time trends in verbal bullying, domestic violence, and involvement in fights with firearms among adolescents in Brazilian state capitals from 2009 to 2015. The study of trends uses data from the Brazilian National Survey of School Health (PeNSE) in 2009, 2012, and 2015 among ninth-graders enrolled in public and private schools in the country's 26 state capitals and the Federal District. The analysis focused on domestic violence, verbal bullying, and involvement in fights with cold steel weapons and firearms in the 30 days prior to the interview. Logistic regression was performed, adjusted for sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics, with analysis of each type of violence in Brazil and in the capital cities, according to sex. The trends were spatialized. For the capital cities as a whole, from 2009 to 2015 there was an increase of 12% (95%CI: 1.11-1.14) in domestic violence, 10% (95%CI: 1.08-1.11) in verbal bullying, and 7% (95%CI: 1.05-1.09) and 7% (95%CI: 1.05-1.08) in involvement in fights with firearms and cold steel weapons, respectively. Domestic violence increased in all the capital cities. In 96.3%, 70.4%, and 62.9% of the capital cities, respectively, there were increases in verbal bullying and involvement in fights with cold steel weapons and firearms, while there were stationary trends in the other capital cities. There was an upward trend in these forms of violence in the majority of the capital cities, evidencing the need to implement public policies to mitigation the different types of violence among adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Brasil.Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Brasil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

por

PubMed ID

31691785

Citation

Silva, Aline Natália, et al. "[Trends in Verbal Bullying, Domestic Violence, and Involvement in Fights With Firearms Among Adolescents in Brazilian State Capitals From 2009 to 2015]." Cadernos De Saude Publica, vol. 35, no. 11, 2019, pp. e00195118.
Silva AN, Marques ES, Peres MFT, et al. [Trends in verbal bullying, domestic violence, and involvement in fights with firearms among adolescents in Brazilian state capitals from 2009 to 2015]. Cad Saude Publica. 2019;35(11):e00195118.
Silva, A. N., Marques, E. S., Peres, M. F. T., & Azeredo, C. M. (2019). [Trends in verbal bullying, domestic violence, and involvement in fights with firearms among adolescents in Brazilian state capitals from 2009 to 2015]. Cadernos De Saude Publica, 35(11), e00195118. https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00195118
Silva AN, et al. [Trends in Verbal Bullying, Domestic Violence, and Involvement in Fights With Firearms Among Adolescents in Brazilian State Capitals From 2009 to 2015]. Cad Saude Publica. 2019;35(11):e00195118. PubMed PMID: 31691785.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Trends in verbal bullying, domestic violence, and involvement in fights with firearms among adolescents in Brazilian state capitals from 2009 to 2015]. AU - Silva,Aline Natália, AU - Marques,Emanuele Souza, AU - Peres,Maria Fernanda Tourinho, AU - Azeredo,Catarina Machado, Y1 - 2019/10/31/ PY - 2018/10/16/received PY - 2019/05/24/accepted PY - 2019/11/7/entrez PY - 2019/11/7/pubmed PY - 2020/6/23/medline SP - e00195118 EP - e00195118 JF - Cadernos de saude publica JO - Cad Saude Publica VL - 35 IS - 11 N2 - This study analyzes time trends in verbal bullying, domestic violence, and involvement in fights with firearms among adolescents in Brazilian state capitals from 2009 to 2015. The study of trends uses data from the Brazilian National Survey of School Health (PeNSE) in 2009, 2012, and 2015 among ninth-graders enrolled in public and private schools in the country's 26 state capitals and the Federal District. The analysis focused on domestic violence, verbal bullying, and involvement in fights with cold steel weapons and firearms in the 30 days prior to the interview. Logistic regression was performed, adjusted for sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics, with analysis of each type of violence in Brazil and in the capital cities, according to sex. The trends were spatialized. For the capital cities as a whole, from 2009 to 2015 there was an increase of 12% (95%CI: 1.11-1.14) in domestic violence, 10% (95%CI: 1.08-1.11) in verbal bullying, and 7% (95%CI: 1.05-1.09) and 7% (95%CI: 1.05-1.08) in involvement in fights with firearms and cold steel weapons, respectively. Domestic violence increased in all the capital cities. In 96.3%, 70.4%, and 62.9% of the capital cities, respectively, there were increases in verbal bullying and involvement in fights with cold steel weapons and firearms, while there were stationary trends in the other capital cities. There was an upward trend in these forms of violence in the majority of the capital cities, evidencing the need to implement public policies to mitigation the different types of violence among adolescents. SN - 1678-4464 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31691785/[Trends_in_verbal_bullying_domestic_violence_and_involvement_in_fights_with_firearms_among_adolescents_in_Brazilian_state_capitals_from_2009_to_2015]_ L2 - https://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-311X2019001305006&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -