Enhancing geriatric oncology training through a combination of novice mentoring and peer and near-peer mentoring: A thematic analysis ofmentoring in medicine between 2000 and 2017.J Geriatr Oncol. 2020 May; 11(4):566-575.JG
Training in Geriatric Oncology is in crisis, facing increasing demands in the face of a growing population of older adults, a lack of trainers, and the need to adapt training to different settings and trainee needs. A combination of novice mentoring and near-peer and peer mentoring (C-NP mentoring) has been proposed to provide trainees with personalized training and additional support. This study proposes to evaluate the possibility of establishing a C-NP mentoring program in geriatric oncology, through extrapolation of data from well-established practices in Internal Medicine programs.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
A systematic scoping review was carried out to provide scope of prevailing data and highlight the key processes behind effective C-NP mentoring programs. Six reviewers carried out independent literature searches on C-NP mentoring in medicine using Embase, ERIC, PubMed, and Scopus databases for articles published between 1st January 2000 and 31st December 2017. The Best Evidence Medical Education (BEME) collaboration guide and the STORIES (STructured apprOach to the Reporting In healthcare education of Evidence Synthesis) statement were used to develop a narrative from the thematic analysis of selected articles. Braun & Clarke (2006)'s approach to thematic analyses  and Sambunjak et al. (2010)'s approach of "negotiated consensual validation" were then used to identify the final list of themes.
3913 citations were identified, 133 full-text articles were reviewed, and fifteen full-text articles were included. Thematic analysis was employed to circumnavigate mentoring's context-specific nature and identified ten semantic themes including the need, outcomes, obstacles, and improvements for C-NP mentoring, mentee and mentor participation and training, and matching and mentoring processes.
Data from this review allows the forwarding of the C-NP Mentoring Framework that will potentially enhance Geriatric Oncology training. The framework ensures a balance of consistency in recruitment, training, matching, pre-mentoring meetings, assessments processes, and flexibility to inculcate personalized aspects to the training and support. The C-NP Mentoring Framework will also enable effective oversight of the program and timely support of mentees in need.