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A systematic scoping review of ethical issues in mentoring in internal medicine, family medicine and academic medicine.
Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2020 05; 25(2):415-439.AH

Abstract

Mentoring's role in medical education is threatened by the potential abuse of mentoring relationships. Particularly affected are mentoring relationships between senior clinicians and junior doctors which lie at the heart of mentoring. To better understand and address these concerns, a systematic scoping review into prevailing accounts of ethical issues and professional lapses in mentoring is undertaken. Arksey and O'Malley's (Int J Soc Res Methodol 8(1):19-32, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1080/1364557032000119616) methodological framework for conducting scoping reviews was employed to explore the scope of ethical concerns in mentoring in general medicine. Databases searcheed included PubMed, ScienceDirect, ERIC, Embase, Scopus, Mednar and OpenGrey. 3391 abstracts were identified from the initialy search after removal of duplicates, 412 full-text articles were reviewed, 98 articles were included and thematically analysed. Unsatisfactory matching, misaligned expectations, inadequate mentor training, cursory codes of conduct, sketchy standards of practice, meagre oversight and unstructured processes have been identified as potential causes for ethical and professional breaches in mentoring practice. Changes in how professionalism is viewed suggest further studies of educational culture should also be carried out. The host organization plays a major role in establishing codes of conduct, expectations, and holistically, longitudinally oversight of the mentoring process and mentoring relationships.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.The Medical Library at the Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, Singapore, Singapore.Family Medicine Residency, National University Hospital Singapore, 1E Kent Ridge Rd, Singapore, 119228, Singapore. yingpintoh@gmail.com.Marie Curie Palliative Care Institute, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore. Marie Curie Palliative Care Institute, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK. Division of Supportive and Palliative Care, National Cancer Centre Singapore, Singapore, Singapore. Centre of Biomedical Ethics, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore. Duke- NUS Medical School, Singapore, Singapore.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31705429

Citation

Cheong, Clarissa Wei Shuen, et al. "A Systematic Scoping Review of Ethical Issues in Mentoring in Internal Medicine, Family Medicine and Academic Medicine." Advances in Health Sciences Education : Theory and Practice, vol. 25, no. 2, 2020, pp. 415-439.
Cheong CWS, Chia EWY, Tay KT, et al. A systematic scoping review of ethical issues in mentoring in internal medicine, family medicine and academic medicine. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2020;25(2):415-439.
Cheong, C. W. S., Chia, E. W. Y., Tay, K. T., Chua, W. J., Lee, F. Q. H., Koh, E. Y. H., Chin, A. M. C., Toh, Y. P., Mason, S., & Krishna, L. K. R. (2020). A systematic scoping review of ethical issues in mentoring in internal medicine, family medicine and academic medicine. Advances in Health Sciences Education : Theory and Practice, 25(2), 415-439. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10459-019-09934-0
Cheong CWS, et al. A Systematic Scoping Review of Ethical Issues in Mentoring in Internal Medicine, Family Medicine and Academic Medicine. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2020;25(2):415-439. PubMed PMID: 31705429.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A systematic scoping review of ethical issues in mentoring in internal medicine, family medicine and academic medicine. AU - Cheong,Clarissa Wei Shuen, AU - Chia,Elisha Wan Ying, AU - Tay,Kuang Teck, AU - Chua,Wen Jie, AU - Lee,Fion Qian Hui, AU - Koh,Eugene Yong Hian, AU - Chin,Annelissa Mien Chew, AU - Toh,Ying Pin, AU - Mason,Stephen, AU - Krishna,Lalit Kumar Radha, Y1 - 2019/11/09/ PY - 2019/02/17/received PY - 2019/10/16/accepted PY - 2019/11/11/pubmed PY - 2019/11/11/medline PY - 2019/11/10/entrez KW - Ethics KW - Medical education KW - Mentee KW - Mentor KW - Mentoring KW - Mentoring relationship SP - 415 EP - 439 JF - Advances in health sciences education : theory and practice JO - Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract VL - 25 IS - 2 N2 - Mentoring's role in medical education is threatened by the potential abuse of mentoring relationships. Particularly affected are mentoring relationships between senior clinicians and junior doctors which lie at the heart of mentoring. To better understand and address these concerns, a systematic scoping review into prevailing accounts of ethical issues and professional lapses in mentoring is undertaken. Arksey and O'Malley's (Int J Soc Res Methodol 8(1):19-32, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1080/1364557032000119616) methodological framework for conducting scoping reviews was employed to explore the scope of ethical concerns in mentoring in general medicine. Databases searcheed included PubMed, ScienceDirect, ERIC, Embase, Scopus, Mednar and OpenGrey. 3391 abstracts were identified from the initialy search after removal of duplicates, 412 full-text articles were reviewed, 98 articles were included and thematically analysed. Unsatisfactory matching, misaligned expectations, inadequate mentor training, cursory codes of conduct, sketchy standards of practice, meagre oversight and unstructured processes have been identified as potential causes for ethical and professional breaches in mentoring practice. Changes in how professionalism is viewed suggest further studies of educational culture should also be carried out. The host organization plays a major role in establishing codes of conduct, expectations, and holistically, longitudinally oversight of the mentoring process and mentoring relationships. SN - 1573-1677 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31705429/A_systematic_scoping_review_of_ethical_issues_in_mentoring_in_internal_medicine_family_medicine_and_academic_medicine_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10459-019-09934-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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