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Treatment of Resistant Depression: A Pilot Study Assessing the Efficacy of a tDCS-Mindfulness Program Compared With a tDCS-Relaxation Program.
Front Psychiatry 2019; 10:730FP

Abstract

Background:

This pilot study explores a therapeutic setting combining transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) for patients with drug-resistant depression. tDCS has shown efficacy for depression treatment and improvement could be maintained with the combination with mindfulness, which has shown depression relapse-prevention properties.

Methods:

Thirty-one treatment-resistant depressed patients have been assigned to our experimental treatment condition [tDCS combined with MBCT (n = 15)] or to a control condition [tDCS combined with relaxation (n = 16)]. Patients have completed both an intensive treatment block (eight consecutive days) and a single remind session 2 weeks after the intensive treatment. Clinical (depression, anxiety, and rumination) and cognitive (general cognitive functioning, mental flexibility, and working memory) symptoms of depression have been assessed through different questionnaires at baseline (t0), after the first block of treatment (t1), and after the remind session (t2).

Results:

Results seem to indicate a positive impact of both treatment conditions on clinical and cognitive symptoms of depression at t1. However, the treatment condition combining tDCS with mindfulness has been found to better maintain clinical improvements at t2 regarding some clinical [Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and Sadness and Anger Ruminative Inventory (SARI)] and cognitive variables (Digit Span-F and Digit Span-B).

Conclusion:

Based on the current observations, a multi-disciplinary treatment approach combining tDCS and MBCT might be effective in resistant depressed patients in the long run, even though further clinical research is necessary.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratory of Psychological Medicine and Addictology, CHU Brugmann - ULB Neuroscience Institue (UNI), University of Brussels (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.Department of Head and Skin, Ghent Experimental Psychiatry Lab, Ghent University (UGent), Ghent, Belgium. Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.Laboratory of Psychological Medicine and Addictology, CHU Brugmann - ULB Neuroscience Institue (UNI), University of Brussels (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.Laboratory of Psychological Medicine and Addictology, CHU Brugmann - ULB Neuroscience Institue (UNI), University of Brussels (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.Department of Psychiatry, CHU de Charleroi, Charleroi, Belgium.Laboratory of Psychological Medicine and Addictology, CHU Brugmann - ULB Neuroscience Institue (UNI), University of Brussels (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31708808

Citation

Monnart, Aurore, et al. "Treatment of Resistant Depression: a Pilot Study Assessing the Efficacy of a tDCS-Mindfulness Program Compared With a tDCS-Relaxation Program." Frontiers in Psychiatry, vol. 10, 2019, p. 730.
Monnart A, Vanderhasselt MA, Schroder E, et al. Treatment of Resistant Depression: A Pilot Study Assessing the Efficacy of a tDCS-Mindfulness Program Compared With a tDCS-Relaxation Program. Front Psychiatry. 2019;10:730.
Monnart, A., Vanderhasselt, M. A., Schroder, E., Campanella, S., Fontaine, P., & Kornreich, C. (2019). Treatment of Resistant Depression: A Pilot Study Assessing the Efficacy of a tDCS-Mindfulness Program Compared With a tDCS-Relaxation Program. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10, p. 730. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00730.
Monnart A, et al. Treatment of Resistant Depression: a Pilot Study Assessing the Efficacy of a tDCS-Mindfulness Program Compared With a tDCS-Relaxation Program. Front Psychiatry. 2019;10:730. PubMed PMID: 31708808.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Treatment of Resistant Depression: A Pilot Study Assessing the Efficacy of a tDCS-Mindfulness Program Compared With a tDCS-Relaxation Program. AU - Monnart,Aurore, AU - Vanderhasselt,Marie-Anne, AU - Schroder,Elisa, AU - Campanella,Salvatore, AU - Fontaine,Philippe, AU - Kornreich,Charles, Y1 - 2019/10/23/ PY - 2018/11/05/received PY - 2019/09/11/accepted PY - 2019/11/12/entrez PY - 2019/11/12/pubmed PY - 2019/11/12/medline KW - cognitive control KW - major depressive disorder KW - mindfulness-based cognitive therapy KW - rumination KW - transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) SP - 730 EP - 730 JF - Frontiers in psychiatry JO - Front Psychiatry VL - 10 N2 - Background: This pilot study explores a therapeutic setting combining transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) for patients with drug-resistant depression. tDCS has shown efficacy for depression treatment and improvement could be maintained with the combination with mindfulness, which has shown depression relapse-prevention properties. Methods: Thirty-one treatment-resistant depressed patients have been assigned to our experimental treatment condition [tDCS combined with MBCT (n = 15)] or to a control condition [tDCS combined with relaxation (n = 16)]. Patients have completed both an intensive treatment block (eight consecutive days) and a single remind session 2 weeks after the intensive treatment. Clinical (depression, anxiety, and rumination) and cognitive (general cognitive functioning, mental flexibility, and working memory) symptoms of depression have been assessed through different questionnaires at baseline (t0), after the first block of treatment (t1), and after the remind session (t2). Results: Results seem to indicate a positive impact of both treatment conditions on clinical and cognitive symptoms of depression at t1. However, the treatment condition combining tDCS with mindfulness has been found to better maintain clinical improvements at t2 regarding some clinical [Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and Sadness and Anger Ruminative Inventory (SARI)] and cognitive variables (Digit Span-F and Digit Span-B). Conclusion: Based on the current observations, a multi-disciplinary treatment approach combining tDCS and MBCT might be effective in resistant depressed patients in the long run, even though further clinical research is necessary. SN - 1664-0640 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31708808/Treatment_of_Resistant_Depression:_A_Pilot_Study_Assessing_the_Efficacy_of_a_tDCS-Mindfulness_Program_Compared_With_a_tDCS-Relaxation_Program L2 - https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00730 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -