Compliance to follow-up care after urban diabetic retinopathy tele-screening.Can J Ophthalmol. 2020 02; 55(1 Suppl 1):2-7.CJ
Although many diabetic retinopathy (DR) tele-screening projects have shown effectiveness for DR, timely follow-up care after screening is essential to achieve the expected visual benefits of screening.
To better understand the possible factors of non-compliance to follow-up care in diabetics after tele-screening for DR.
This cross-sectional retrospective descriptive study analyses the data of 148 diabetics referred to follow-up care following screening of 1185 diabetics through an urban community-based DR Teleophthalmology Project aimed at Type 2 diabetes. A telephone survey was conducted to assess the screening program appreciation and the sociodemographic characteristics of that population.
This study achieved a 91,9% (n=136) compliance rate to follow-up care. Female sex, type 2 diabetes, lower general and DR education, telephone unreachability, age less than 60 years, knowledge of a visually impaired acquaintance and more severe DR were more prevalent in non-compliant patients. Age, ethnicity, economic status, level of precariousness, distance from home to the screening/examination sites, and previous adherence to the DR screening guidelines were similar in both compliants and noncompliants. A high satisfaction score (4,8/5, n=96) to the tele-screening program was measured.
This study is applicable to other screening programs and suggests that an increase in the number of recall letters and a greater flexibility in the organization of follow-up care appointments as well as the addition of multilingual members to the recalling team may have further improved compliance to follow-up care. It measures a high level of satisfaction provided by this model of urban teleophthalmology screening.