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[Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture on refractory insomnia: a randomized controlled trial].
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2019 Nov 12; 39(11):1155-9.ZZ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To compare the therapeutic effect of Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture, conventional acupuncture and oral estazolam tablet on refractory insomnia.

METHODS

A total of 180 patients with refractory insomnia were randomized into a Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture group, a conventional acupuncture group and a medication group, 60 cases in each group. In the Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture group, Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20), Waiguan (TE 5), Neiguan (PC 6), Weishu (BL 21), Zhongwan (CV 12) and Taixi (KI 3); in the conventional acupuncture group, conventional acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20), Shenmen (HT 7), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Zhaohai (KI 6), Shenmai (BL 62) and Anmian (Extra). Supplementary acupoints were added according to different patterns in the two acupuncture groups, and the treatment was given once a day, 7 times as one course and 4 courses were required. In the medication groups, estazolam was taken orally 1 h before sleep, 1 mg each time, once a day for 4 weeks. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) score was observed before and after treatment and the therapeutic effect was evaluated in the 3 groups.

RESULTS

The total effective rates in the Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture group and the conventional acupuncture group were 90.0% (54/60) and 83.3% (50/60), which were superior to 30.0% (18/60) in the medication group (both P<0.05). Compared before treatment, the PSQI scores were significantly reduced in the two acupuncture groups (all P<0.05), the sleep efficiency and the total score of PSQI were reduced in the medication group (both P<0.05). After treatment, the changes of sleep latency, sleep efficiency, sleep disorder, daytime function and total score of PSQI in the Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture group were significantly larger than those in the conventional acupuncture group (all P<0.05). The changes of PSQI scores in the Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture group were significantly larger than the medication group (all P<0.05). The changes of sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep time, sleep disorder, daytime function and total score of PSQI in the conventional acupuncture group were significantly larger than the medication group (all P<0.05).

CONCLUSION

The therapeutic effect of Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture on refractory insomnia is superior to estazolam and conventional acupuncture.

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Tuina, Gansu University of CM, Lanzhou 730000, China.Affiliated Hospital of Gansu University of CM, Lanzhou 730000.Affiliated Hospital of Gansu University of CM, Lanzhou 730000.Affiliated Hospital of Gansu University of CM, Lanzhou 730000.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

chi

PubMed ID

31724348

Citation

Wang, Yin-Ping, et al. "[Yinyang Ruyin Acupuncture On Refractory Insomnia: a Randomized Controlled Trial]." Zhongguo Zhen Jiu = Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion, vol. 39, no. 11, 2019, pp. 1155-9.
Wang YP, Wen X, Feng XL, et al. [Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture on refractory insomnia: a randomized controlled trial]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2019;39(11):1155-9.
Wang, Y. P., Wen, X., Feng, X. L., & He, T. Y. (2019). [Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture on refractory insomnia: a randomized controlled trial]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu = Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion, 39(11), 1155-9. https://doi.org/10.13703/j.0255-2930.2019.11.005
Wang YP, et al. [Yinyang Ruyin Acupuncture On Refractory Insomnia: a Randomized Controlled Trial]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2019 Nov 12;39(11):1155-9. PubMed PMID: 31724348.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture on refractory insomnia: a randomized controlled trial]. AU - Wang,Yin-Ping, AU - Wen,Xin, AU - Feng,Xi-Lian, AU - He,Tian-You, PY - 2019/11/15/entrez PY - 2019/11/15/pubmed PY - 2019/11/26/medline KW - Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) KW - Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture KW - acupuncture therapy KW - refractory insomnia SP - 1155 EP - 9 JF - Zhongguo zhen jiu = Chinese acupuncture & moxibustion JO - Zhongguo Zhen Jiu VL - 39 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To compare the therapeutic effect of Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture, conventional acupuncture and oral estazolam tablet on refractory insomnia. METHODS: A total of 180 patients with refractory insomnia were randomized into a Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture group, a conventional acupuncture group and a medication group, 60 cases in each group. In the Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture group, Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20), Waiguan (TE 5), Neiguan (PC 6), Weishu (BL 21), Zhongwan (CV 12) and Taixi (KI 3); in the conventional acupuncture group, conventional acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20), Shenmen (HT 7), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Zhaohai (KI 6), Shenmai (BL 62) and Anmian (Extra). Supplementary acupoints were added according to different patterns in the two acupuncture groups, and the treatment was given once a day, 7 times as one course and 4 courses were required. In the medication groups, estazolam was taken orally 1 h before sleep, 1 mg each time, once a day for 4 weeks. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) score was observed before and after treatment and the therapeutic effect was evaluated in the 3 groups. RESULTS: The total effective rates in the Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture group and the conventional acupuncture group were 90.0% (54/60) and 83.3% (50/60), which were superior to 30.0% (18/60) in the medication group (both P<0.05). Compared before treatment, the PSQI scores were significantly reduced in the two acupuncture groups (all P<0.05), the sleep efficiency and the total score of PSQI were reduced in the medication group (both P<0.05). After treatment, the changes of sleep latency, sleep efficiency, sleep disorder, daytime function and total score of PSQI in the Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture group were significantly larger than those in the conventional acupuncture group (all P<0.05). The changes of PSQI scores in the Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture group were significantly larger than the medication group (all P<0.05). The changes of sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep time, sleep disorder, daytime function and total score of PSQI in the conventional acupuncture group were significantly larger than the medication group (all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The therapeutic effect of Yinyang Ruyin acupuncture on refractory insomnia is superior to estazolam and conventional acupuncture. SN - 0255-2930 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31724348/[Yinyang_Ruyin_acupuncture_on_refractory_insomnia:_a_randomized_controlled_trial]_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/insomnia.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -