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Evaluative conditioning affects the subsequent acquisition of differential fear conditioning as indexed by electrodermal responding and stimulus evaluations.
Psychophysiology. 2020 03; 57(3):e13505.P

Abstract

It is currently unclear whether the acquisition of negative stimulus valence in evaluative and fear conditioning paradigms is interrelated or independent. The present study used a transfer paradigm to address this question. Three groups of participants were trained in a picture-picture evaluative conditioning paradigm before completing acquisition of differential fear conditioning using graphical shapes as conditional stimuli (CSs). In group congruent, the shape used as CS+ (paired with the US during fear conditioning) was paired with negative pictures, whereas the shape used as CS- (presented alone during fear conditioning) was paired with positive pictures. In group incongruent, the shape used as CS+ was paired with positive pictures, whereas the shape used as CS- was paired with negative pictures. In group different, different shapes were employed in evaluative and fear conditioning. Acquisition of differential electrodermal responses emerged within fewer acquisition trials in groups congruent and different than in group incongruent. Transfer of evaluative learning across paradigms was evident only after removal of participants who failed to display evaluative conditioning. The current research indicates that stimulus valence acquired during evaluative conditioning transfers to fear conditioning and will differentially affect the acquisition of fear learning as indexed by subjective evaluations and electrodermal responses. The findings suggest that evaluative and fear conditioning are not independent.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Psychology, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.School of Psychology, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.School of Psychology, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31736088

Citation

Lipp, Ottmar V., et al. "Evaluative Conditioning Affects the Subsequent Acquisition of Differential Fear Conditioning as Indexed By Electrodermal Responding and Stimulus Evaluations." Psychophysiology, vol. 57, no. 3, 2020, pp. e13505.
Lipp OV, Luck CC, Muir AC. Evaluative conditioning affects the subsequent acquisition of differential fear conditioning as indexed by electrodermal responding and stimulus evaluations. Psychophysiology. 2020;57(3):e13505.
Lipp, O. V., Luck, C. C., & Muir, A. C. (2020). Evaluative conditioning affects the subsequent acquisition of differential fear conditioning as indexed by electrodermal responding and stimulus evaluations. Psychophysiology, 57(3), e13505. https://doi.org/10.1111/psyp.13505
Lipp OV, Luck CC, Muir AC. Evaluative Conditioning Affects the Subsequent Acquisition of Differential Fear Conditioning as Indexed By Electrodermal Responding and Stimulus Evaluations. Psychophysiology. 2020;57(3):e13505. PubMed PMID: 31736088.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluative conditioning affects the subsequent acquisition of differential fear conditioning as indexed by electrodermal responding and stimulus evaluations. AU - Lipp,Ottmar V, AU - Luck,Camilla C, AU - Muir,Alana C, Y1 - 2019/11/17/ PY - 2019/06/24/received PY - 2019/10/24/revised PY - 2019/10/28/accepted PY - 2019/11/19/pubmed PY - 2021/2/2/medline PY - 2019/11/19/entrez KW - evaluative conditioning KW - fear conditioning KW - skin conductance KW - stimulus valence SP - e13505 EP - e13505 JF - Psychophysiology JO - Psychophysiology VL - 57 IS - 3 N2 - It is currently unclear whether the acquisition of negative stimulus valence in evaluative and fear conditioning paradigms is interrelated or independent. The present study used a transfer paradigm to address this question. Three groups of participants were trained in a picture-picture evaluative conditioning paradigm before completing acquisition of differential fear conditioning using graphical shapes as conditional stimuli (CSs). In group congruent, the shape used as CS+ (paired with the US during fear conditioning) was paired with negative pictures, whereas the shape used as CS- (presented alone during fear conditioning) was paired with positive pictures. In group incongruent, the shape used as CS+ was paired with positive pictures, whereas the shape used as CS- was paired with negative pictures. In group different, different shapes were employed in evaluative and fear conditioning. Acquisition of differential electrodermal responses emerged within fewer acquisition trials in groups congruent and different than in group incongruent. Transfer of evaluative learning across paradigms was evident only after removal of participants who failed to display evaluative conditioning. The current research indicates that stimulus valence acquired during evaluative conditioning transfers to fear conditioning and will differentially affect the acquisition of fear learning as indexed by subjective evaluations and electrodermal responses. The findings suggest that evaluative and fear conditioning are not independent. SN - 1540-5958 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31736088/Evaluative_conditioning_affects_the_subsequent_acquisition_of_differential_fear_conditioning_as_indexed_by_electrodermal_responding_and_stimulus_evaluations_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -