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Vitis vinifera Turkish grape cultivar Karaerik. Part I: anthocyanin composition, and identification of a newly found anthocyanin†.
J Sci Food Agric. 2020 Feb; 100(3):1301-1310.JS

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Grape berries exhibit various beneficial health effects due to the potent antioxidant roles of their phenolic compounds. A new Vitis vinifera grape cultivar (Karaerik) grown in Turkey has attracted growing interest due to its antioxidant phenolic compounds, which have still not been investigated. The phenolic/anthocyanin profile needs to be investigated to ascertain its potential health benefits and market value in the region. The present study therefore involves a detailed characterization of the anthocyanin composition of 'Karaerik' grape berries in conjunction with a determination of the antioxidant capacity value of the phenolics present in the skin and the whole berry.

RESULTS

Total phenolic compounds (average 8.56 and 2.88 g gallic acid equivalent kg-1 fresh weight) and anthocyanin (7.48 and 1.66 g mv-3-glc equivalent kg-1 fresh weight) contents varied significantly in the skin and whole berry. Malvidin-based anthocyanins made the highest contribution to the pigment content of the berry. Accordingly, the major anthocyanin in the skin (average 42.08 mol%) and whole berry (39.98 mol%) was malvidin-3-glucoside (mv-3-glc). In addition, we found strong evidence of the occurrence of sometimes reported malvidin-3-pentoside and particularly of the not previously reported feruloyl derivative of malvidin-3-(6″-feruloyl)-glucoside (mv-3-ferglc) for V. vinifera grapes.

CONCLUSION

The current study is the first report to profile the anthocyanins of the grape with a detailed description of the rare and novel anthocyanin in V. vinifera grapes. The berry is also a potential source of phenolics/anthocyanins with a high antioxidant capacity value and is worthy of comparison with other V. vinifera grapes. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Analytical Chemistry and Food Technology, Instituto Regional de Investigación Científica Aplicada, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain.Department of Analytical Chemistry and Food Technology, Instituto Regional de Investigación Científica Aplicada, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain.Department of Analytical Chemistry and Food Technology, Instituto Regional de Investigación Científica Aplicada, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain.Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Biology Graduate Program, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey.Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey.Faculty of Education, Social Sciences Teacher Training Department Erzincan University, Erzincan, Turkey.Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey.Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31743440

Citation

Hermosín-Gutiérrez, Isidro, et al. "Vitis Vinifera Turkish Grape Cultivar Karaerik. Part I: Anthocyanin Composition, and Identification of a Newly Found Anthocyanin†." Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, vol. 100, no. 3, 2020, pp. 1301-1310.
Hermosín-Gutiérrez I, Gómez-Alonso S, Pérez-Navarro J, et al. Vitis vinifera Turkish grape cultivar Karaerik. Part I: anthocyanin composition, and identification of a newly found anthocyanin†. J Sci Food Agric. 2020;100(3):1301-1310.
Hermosín-Gutiérrez, I., Gómez-Alonso, S., Pérez-Navarro, J., Kurt, A., Colak, N., Akpınar, E., Hayirlioglu-Ayaz, S., & Ayaz, F. A. (2020). Vitis vinifera Turkish grape cultivar Karaerik. Part I: anthocyanin composition, and identification of a newly found anthocyanin†. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 100(3), 1301-1310. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.10145
Hermosín-Gutiérrez I, et al. Vitis Vinifera Turkish Grape Cultivar Karaerik. Part I: Anthocyanin Composition, and Identification of a Newly Found Anthocyanin†. J Sci Food Agric. 2020;100(3):1301-1310. PubMed PMID: 31743440.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Vitis vinifera Turkish grape cultivar Karaerik. Part I: anthocyanin composition, and identification of a newly found anthocyanin†. AU - Hermosín-Gutiérrez,Isidro, AU - Gómez-Alonso,Sergio, AU - Pérez-Navarro,José, AU - Kurt,Aynur, AU - Colak,Nesrin, AU - Akpınar,Erdal, AU - Hayirlioglu-Ayaz,Sema, AU - Ayaz,Faik Ahmet, Y1 - 2019/12/20/ PY - 2019/05/22/received PY - 2019/11/11/revised PY - 2019/11/19/accepted PY - 2019/11/20/pubmed PY - 2020/1/23/medline PY - 2019/11/20/entrez KW - HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS KW - anthocyanin KW - antioxidant capacity KW - malvidin-3-feruloylglucoside KW - table grape SP - 1301 EP - 1310 JF - Journal of the science of food and agriculture JO - J Sci Food Agric VL - 100 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Grape berries exhibit various beneficial health effects due to the potent antioxidant roles of their phenolic compounds. A new Vitis vinifera grape cultivar (Karaerik) grown in Turkey has attracted growing interest due to its antioxidant phenolic compounds, which have still not been investigated. The phenolic/anthocyanin profile needs to be investigated to ascertain its potential health benefits and market value in the region. The present study therefore involves a detailed characterization of the anthocyanin composition of 'Karaerik' grape berries in conjunction with a determination of the antioxidant capacity value of the phenolics present in the skin and the whole berry. RESULTS: Total phenolic compounds (average 8.56 and 2.88 g gallic acid equivalent kg-1 fresh weight) and anthocyanin (7.48 and 1.66 g mv-3-glc equivalent kg-1 fresh weight) contents varied significantly in the skin and whole berry. Malvidin-based anthocyanins made the highest contribution to the pigment content of the berry. Accordingly, the major anthocyanin in the skin (average 42.08 mol%) and whole berry (39.98 mol%) was malvidin-3-glucoside (mv-3-glc). In addition, we found strong evidence of the occurrence of sometimes reported malvidin-3-pentoside and particularly of the not previously reported feruloyl derivative of malvidin-3-(6″-feruloyl)-glucoside (mv-3-ferglc) for V. vinifera grapes. CONCLUSION: The current study is the first report to profile the anthocyanins of the grape with a detailed description of the rare and novel anthocyanin in V. vinifera grapes. The berry is also a potential source of phenolics/anthocyanins with a high antioxidant capacity value and is worthy of comparison with other V. vinifera grapes. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry. SN - 1097-0010 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31743440/Vitis_vinifera_Turkish_grape_cultivar_Karaerik__Part_I:_anthocyanin_composition_and_identification_of_a_newly_found_anthocyanin†_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.10145 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -