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Relapse of evaluative learning-Evidence for reinstatement, renewal, but not spontaneous recovery, of extinguished evaluative learning in a picture-picture evaluative conditioning paradigm.
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 2020 Jun; 46(6):1178-1206.JE

Abstract

In evaluative conditioning, if one shape (conditional stimulus [CS]; CSp) is paired with pleasant unconditional stimulus (US) images and another (CSu) is paired with unpleasant US images differential CS valence and US expectancy develops, such that participants evaluate the CSp as more pleasant and more predictive of pleasant images than the CSu. This conditional CS valence and US expectancy can be reduced in an extinction procedure in which the CSs are repeatedly presented alone. We investigated whether evaluative and expectancy learning is subject to relapse (spontaneous recovery, reinstatement, and renewal) after extinction in a picture-picture evaluative conditioning paradigm. In Stream 1, after acquisition and extinction, the spontaneous recovery test was completed after a delay. During the spontaneous recovery test, conditional expectancy learning, but not conditional evaluative learning, returned. In Stream 2, the US pictures were presented in a random stream after extinction (reinstatement manipulation) which led to the return of conditional evaluative and expectancy learning. In Stream 3, after acquisition training in Context A and extinction training in Context B, conditional expectancy and evaluative learning returned when participants completed the renewal test in the acquisition context (Context A; ABA renewal). Overall, the results suggest that conditional evaluative learning is subject to reinstatement and renewal, but not to spontaneous recovery, in a picture-picture evaluative conditioning paradigm. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Psychology.School of Psychology.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31750717

Citation

Luck, Camilla C., and Ottmar V. Lipp. "Relapse of Evaluative learning-Evidence for Reinstatement, Renewal, but Not Spontaneous Recovery, of Extinguished Evaluative Learning in a Picture-picture Evaluative Conditioning Paradigm." Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, vol. 46, no. 6, 2020, pp. 1178-1206.
Luck CC, Lipp OV. Relapse of evaluative learning-Evidence for reinstatement, renewal, but not spontaneous recovery, of extinguished evaluative learning in a picture-picture evaluative conditioning paradigm. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 2020;46(6):1178-1206.
Luck, C. C., & Lipp, O. V. (2020). Relapse of evaluative learning-Evidence for reinstatement, renewal, but not spontaneous recovery, of extinguished evaluative learning in a picture-picture evaluative conditioning paradigm. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 46(6), 1178-1206. https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000785
Luck CC, Lipp OV. Relapse of Evaluative learning-Evidence for Reinstatement, Renewal, but Not Spontaneous Recovery, of Extinguished Evaluative Learning in a Picture-picture Evaluative Conditioning Paradigm. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 2020;46(6):1178-1206. PubMed PMID: 31750717.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Relapse of evaluative learning-Evidence for reinstatement, renewal, but not spontaneous recovery, of extinguished evaluative learning in a picture-picture evaluative conditioning paradigm. AU - Luck,Camilla C, AU - Lipp,Ottmar V, Y1 - 2019/11/21/ PY - 2019/11/22/pubmed PY - 2021/2/25/medline PY - 2019/11/22/entrez SP - 1178 EP - 1206 JF - Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition JO - J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn VL - 46 IS - 6 N2 - In evaluative conditioning, if one shape (conditional stimulus [CS]; CSp) is paired with pleasant unconditional stimulus (US) images and another (CSu) is paired with unpleasant US images differential CS valence and US expectancy develops, such that participants evaluate the CSp as more pleasant and more predictive of pleasant images than the CSu. This conditional CS valence and US expectancy can be reduced in an extinction procedure in which the CSs are repeatedly presented alone. We investigated whether evaluative and expectancy learning is subject to relapse (spontaneous recovery, reinstatement, and renewal) after extinction in a picture-picture evaluative conditioning paradigm. In Stream 1, after acquisition and extinction, the spontaneous recovery test was completed after a delay. During the spontaneous recovery test, conditional expectancy learning, but not conditional evaluative learning, returned. In Stream 2, the US pictures were presented in a random stream after extinction (reinstatement manipulation) which led to the return of conditional evaluative and expectancy learning. In Stream 3, after acquisition training in Context A and extinction training in Context B, conditional expectancy and evaluative learning returned when participants completed the renewal test in the acquisition context (Context A; ABA renewal). Overall, the results suggest that conditional evaluative learning is subject to reinstatement and renewal, but not to spontaneous recovery, in a picture-picture evaluative conditioning paradigm. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved). SN - 1939-1285 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31750717/Relapse_of_evaluative_learning_Evidence_for_reinstatement_renewal_but_not_spontaneous_recovery_of_extinguished_evaluative_learning_in_a_picture_picture_evaluative_conditioning_paradigm_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/xlm/46/6/1178 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -