The fabrication of polylactide/cellulose nanocomposites with enhanced crystallization and mechanical properties.Int J Biol Macromol. 2020 Jul 15; 155:1578-1588.IJ
Polylactide/cellulose nanocomposites were fabricated by blending of commercial polylactide (PLA) and modified cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs). Modified CNCs were prepared via the in situ polymerization of CNCs and L-lactic acid (CNCs-PLLA) or D-lactic acid (CNCs-PDLA). The actual occurrence of chemical bond between CNCs and PLA segment was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared, nuclear magnetic resonance, X-ray diffraction and solubility tests. Differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffraction characterization indicated that CNCs-PDLA better improved the crystallization ability of PLA matrix compared with CNCs-PLLA. Furthermore, compared with the neat PLA (60.0 MPa), the tensile strength of resulting nanocomposites showed an enhancement of up to 36% (81.65 MPa). And the nanocomposites with CNCs-PDLA exhibited both high crystallinity and improved mechanical properties.