Lurasidone compared to other atypical antipsychotic monotherapies for adolescent schizophrenia: a systematic literature review and network meta-analysis.Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2019 Nov 22 [Online ahead of print]EC
This network meta-analysis assessed the efficacy and tolerability of lurasidone versus other oral atypical antipsychotic monotherapies in adolescent schizophrenia. A systematic literature review identified 13 randomized controlled trials of antipsychotics in adolescents with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. A Bayesian network meta-analysis compared lurasidone to aripiprazole, asenapine, clozapine, olanzapine, paliperidone extended-release (ER), quetiapine, risperidone, and ziprasidone. Outcomes included Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Clinical Global Impressions-Severity (CGI-S), weight gain, all-cause discontinuation, extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS), and akathisia. Results were reported as median differences for continuous outcomes and odds ratios (ORs) for binary outcomes, along with 95% credible intervals (95% CrI). Lurasidone was significantly more efficacious than placebo on the PANSS (- 7.95, 95% CrI - 11.76 to - 4.16) and CGI-S (- 0.44, 95% CrI - 0.67 to - 0.22) scores. Lurasidone was associated with similar weight gain to placebo and statistically significantly less weight gain versus olanzapine (- 3.62 kg, 95% CrI - 4.84 kg to - 2.41 kg), quetiapine (- 2.13 kg, 95% CrI - 3.20 kg to - 1.08 kg), risperidone (- 1.16 kg, 95% CrI - 2.14 kg to - 0.17 kg), asenapine (- 0.98 kg, 95% CrI - 1.71 kg to - 0.24 kg), and paliperidone ER (- 0.85 kg, 95% CrI - 1.57 kg to - 0.14 kg). The odds of all-cause discontinuation were significantly lower for lurasidone than aripiprazole (OR = 0.28, 95% CrI 0.10-0.76) and paliperidone ER (OR = 0.25, 95% CrI 0.08-0.81) and comparable to other antipsychotics. Rates of EPS and akathisia were similar for lurasidone and other atypical antipsychotics. In this network meta-analysis of atypical antipsychotics in adolescent schizophrenia, lurasidone was associated with similar efficacy, less weight gain, and lower risk of all-cause discontinuation compared to other oral atypical antipsychotics.