Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The Relationship between Lifestyle Factors and Obesity Indices among Adolescents in Qatar.
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 11 13; 16(22)IJ

Abstract

Background:

Physical inactivity, sedentary behaviour and an unhealthy diet are factors that may increase weight and general and/or abdominal obesity.

Objective:

To evaluate the relationship between general and abdominal obesity and lifestyle factors among adolescents in Qatar.

Methods:

The study data are based on the Arab Teens Lifestyle Study (ATLS). The target population consisted of 1184 adolescents aged between 14 and 18 years old (563 boys and 621 girls), randomly selected through multistage sampling. A validated questionnaire was used to collect data on lifestyle indicators. Anthropometric indicators, which included body weight, height and waist circumference (WC), were measured according to standardised procedures. International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) age- and sex-specific body mass index (BMI) reference values were used to define overweight and obesity. Abdominal obesity was defined by the 'waist-to-height ratio' (WHtR > 0.5) and by sex- and age-specific WC cutoff values.

Results:

Females were more inactive than males (63.7% vs. 36.3%; p < 0.001). The proportion of adolescents who reported screen time of over 2 h per day was 82.5%. Females engaged in more sedentary behaviour than males (53.4% vs. 46.4%, p = 0.009). Being male (OR: 1.3; CI: 1.0-1.7) and skipping breakfast (OR: 1.5; CI: 1.2-2) were significantly associated with overweight/obesity. In contrast, high intake of fast food, fries, sweets and cake were negative predictors of general and abdominal obesity.

Conclusions:

The findings revealed the prevalence of unhealthy lifestyle habits among adolescents in Qatar and indicated relationships between certain dietary habits and obesity. The findings of this study may help in advocating for the implementation of an intervention that includes lifestyle changes targeting adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Human Nutrition Department, College of Health Science, QU-Health, Qatar University, Doha 2713, Qatar.Human Nutrition Department, College of Health Science, QU-Health, Qatar University, Doha 2713, Qatar.Human Nutrition Department, College of Health Science, QU-Health, Qatar University, Doha 2713, Qatar.Ministry of Public Health, Doha 42, Qatar.Ministry of Public Health, Doha 42, Qatar.Ministry of Public Health, Doha 42, Qatar.Paediatric Exercise Physiology Research Laboratory, College of Education, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.Arab Centre for Nutrition, Manama 26923, Bahrain.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31766192

Citation

Kerkadi, Abdelhamid, et al. "The Relationship Between Lifestyle Factors and Obesity Indices Among Adolescents in Qatar." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 16, no. 22, 2019.
Kerkadi A, Sadig AH, Bawadi H, et al. The Relationship between Lifestyle Factors and Obesity Indices among Adolescents in Qatar. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16(22).
Kerkadi, A., Sadig, A. H., Bawadi, H., Al Thani, A. A. M., Al Chetachi, W., Akram, H., Al-Hazzaa, H. M., & Musaiger, A. O. (2019). The Relationship between Lifestyle Factors and Obesity Indices among Adolescents in Qatar. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(22). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16224428
Kerkadi A, et al. The Relationship Between Lifestyle Factors and Obesity Indices Among Adolescents in Qatar. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 11 13;16(22) PubMed PMID: 31766192.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Relationship between Lifestyle Factors and Obesity Indices among Adolescents in Qatar. AU - Kerkadi,Abdelhamid, AU - Sadig,Abdelmonem H, AU - Bawadi,Hiba, AU - Al Thani,Al Anoud Mohammed, AU - Al Chetachi,Walaa, AU - Akram,Hammad, AU - Al-Hazzaa,Hazzaa M, AU - Musaiger,Abdulrahman O, Y1 - 2019/11/13/ PY - 2019/09/08/received PY - 2019/10/13/revised PY - 2019/11/07/accepted PY - 2019/11/27/entrez PY - 2019/11/27/pubmed PY - 2020/3/17/medline KW - Qatar KW - adolescents KW - cross-sectional study KW - dietary habits KW - obesity KW - physical activity KW - sedentary behaviour JF - International journal of environmental research and public health JO - Int J Environ Res Public Health VL - 16 IS - 22 N2 - Background: Physical inactivity, sedentary behaviour and an unhealthy diet are factors that may increase weight and general and/or abdominal obesity. Objective: To evaluate the relationship between general and abdominal obesity and lifestyle factors among adolescents in Qatar. Methods: The study data are based on the Arab Teens Lifestyle Study (ATLS). The target population consisted of 1184 adolescents aged between 14 and 18 years old (563 boys and 621 girls), randomly selected through multistage sampling. A validated questionnaire was used to collect data on lifestyle indicators. Anthropometric indicators, which included body weight, height and waist circumference (WC), were measured according to standardised procedures. International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) age- and sex-specific body mass index (BMI) reference values were used to define overweight and obesity. Abdominal obesity was defined by the 'waist-to-height ratio' (WHtR > 0.5) and by sex- and age-specific WC cutoff values. Results: Females were more inactive than males (63.7% vs. 36.3%; p < 0.001). The proportion of adolescents who reported screen time of over 2 h per day was 82.5%. Females engaged in more sedentary behaviour than males (53.4% vs. 46.4%, p = 0.009). Being male (OR: 1.3; CI: 1.0-1.7) and skipping breakfast (OR: 1.5; CI: 1.2-2) were significantly associated with overweight/obesity. In contrast, high intake of fast food, fries, sweets and cake were negative predictors of general and abdominal obesity. Conclusions: The findings revealed the prevalence of unhealthy lifestyle habits among adolescents in Qatar and indicated relationships between certain dietary habits and obesity. The findings of this study may help in advocating for the implementation of an intervention that includes lifestyle changes targeting adolescents. SN - 1660-4601 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31766192/The_Relationship_between_Lifestyle_Factors_and_Obesity_Indices_among_Adolescents_in_Qatar L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=ijerph16224428 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -