Effect of imbalance in folate and vitamin B12 in maternal/parental diet on global methylation and regulatory miRNAs.Sci Rep. 2019 11 26; 9(1):17602.SR
DNA methylation, a central component of the epigenetic network is altered in response to nutritional influences. In one-carbon cycle, folate acts as a one-carbon carrier and vitamin B12 acts as co-factor for the enzyme methionine synthase. Both folate and vitamin B12 are the important regulators of DNA methylation which play an important role in development in early life. Previous studies carried out in this regard have shown the individual effects of these vitamins but recently the focus has been to study the combined effects of both the vitamins during pregnancy. Therefore, this study was planned to elucidate the effect of the altered dietary ratio of folate and B12 on the expression of transporters, related miRNAs and DNA methylation in C57BL/6 mice. Female mice were fed diets with 9 combinations of folate and B12 for 4 weeks. They were mated and off-springs born (F1) were continued on the same diet for 6 weeks post-weaning. Maternal and fetal (F2) tissues were collected at day 20 of gestation. Deficient state of folate led to an increase in the expression of folate transporters in both F1 and F2 generations, however, B12 deficiency (BDFN) also led to an increase in the expression in both the generations. B12 transporters/proteins were found to be increased with B12 deficiency in F1 and F2 generations except for TC-II in the kidney which was found to be decreased in the F1 generation. miR-483 was found to be increased with all conditions of folate and B12 in both F1 and F2 generations, however, deficient conditions of B12 led to an increase in the expression of miR-221 in both F1 and F2 generations. The level of miR-133 was found to be increased in BDFN group in F1 generation however; in F2 generation the change in expression was tissue and sex-specific. Global DNA methylation was decreased with deficiency of both folate and B12 in maternal tissues (F1) but increased with folate deficiency in placenta (F1) and under all conditions in fetal tissues (F2). DNA methyltransferases were overall found to be increased with deficiency of folate and B12 in both F1 and F2 generations. Results suggest that the dietary ratio of folate and B12 resulted in altered expression of transporters, miRNAs, and genomic DNA methylation in association with DNMTs.