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Postglacial change of the floristic diversity gradient in Europe.
Nat Commun. 2019 11 28; 10(1):5422.NC

Abstract

Climate warming is expected to cause a poleward spread of species, resulting in increased richness at mid to high latitudes and weakening the latitudinal diversity gradient. We used pollen data to test if such a change in the latitudinal diversity gradient occurred during the last major poleward shift of plant species in Europe following the end of the last glacial period. In contrast to expectations, the slope of the gradient strengthened during the Holocene. The increase in temperatures around 10 ka ago reduced diversity at mid to high latitude sites due to the gradual closure of forests. Deforestation and the introduction of agriculture during the last 5 ky had a greater impact on richness in central Europe than the earlier climate warming. These results do not support the current view that global warming alone will lead to a loss in biodiversity, and demonstrate that non-climatic human impacts on the latitudinal diversity gradient is of a greater magnitude than climate change.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Palaeoecology, Department of Physical Geography, Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80115, 3508 TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands. t.giesecke@uu.nl. Department of Palynology and Climate Dynamics, University of Goettingen, Untere Karspüle 2, 37073, Goettingen, Germany. t.giesecke@uu.nl.Lower Saxony Institute for Historical Coastal Research, Viktoriastr. 26/28, 26382, Wilhelmshaven, Germany.Institute for Plant Sciences and Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research, University of Bern, Alternbergrain 21, CH-3013, Bern, Switzerland.Institute for Plant Sciences and Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research, University of Bern, Alternbergrain 21, CH-3013, Bern, Switzerland.IMBE-CNRS, Aix-Marseille Université, IRD, Avignon Université, Technopôle Arbois-Méditerranée, Bât. Villemin - BP 80, F-13545, Aix-en-Provence cedex 04, France.Geography Department, University of Utah, 260S. Central Campus, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31780647

Citation

Giesecke, Thomas, et al. "Postglacial Change of the Floristic Diversity Gradient in Europe." Nature Communications, vol. 10, no. 1, 2019, p. 5422.
Giesecke T, Wolters S, van Leeuwen JFN, et al. Postglacial change of the floristic diversity gradient in Europe. Nat Commun. 2019;10(1):5422.
Giesecke, T., Wolters, S., van Leeuwen, J. F. N., van der Knaap, P. W. O., Leydet, M., & Brewer, S. (2019). Postglacial change of the floristic diversity gradient in Europe. Nature Communications, 10(1), 5422. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-13233-y
Giesecke T, et al. Postglacial Change of the Floristic Diversity Gradient in Europe. Nat Commun. 2019 11 28;10(1):5422. PubMed PMID: 31780647.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Postglacial change of the floristic diversity gradient in Europe. AU - Giesecke,Thomas, AU - Wolters,Steffen, AU - van Leeuwen,Jacqueline F N, AU - van der Knaap,Pim W O, AU - Leydet,Michelle, AU - Brewer,Simon, Y1 - 2019/11/28/ PY - 2018/04/11/received PY - 2019/10/18/accepted PY - 2019/11/30/entrez PY - 2019/11/30/pubmed PY - 2020/3/3/medline SP - 5422 EP - 5422 JF - Nature communications JO - Nat Commun VL - 10 IS - 1 N2 - Climate warming is expected to cause a poleward spread of species, resulting in increased richness at mid to high latitudes and weakening the latitudinal diversity gradient. We used pollen data to test if such a change in the latitudinal diversity gradient occurred during the last major poleward shift of plant species in Europe following the end of the last glacial period. In contrast to expectations, the slope of the gradient strengthened during the Holocene. The increase in temperatures around 10 ka ago reduced diversity at mid to high latitude sites due to the gradual closure of forests. Deforestation and the introduction of agriculture during the last 5 ky had a greater impact on richness in central Europe than the earlier climate warming. These results do not support the current view that global warming alone will lead to a loss in biodiversity, and demonstrate that non-climatic human impacts on the latitudinal diversity gradient is of a greater magnitude than climate change. SN - 2041-1723 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31780647/Postglacial_change_of_the_floristic_diversity_gradient_in_Europe_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-13233-y DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -