Comparative Study of the Safety and Efficacy of First-Line Cisplatin and Carboplatin Chemotherapy in Elderly Patients with Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma.Oncology 2019; :1-8O
Platinum-based chemotherapy is the standard treatment for metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC). However, considering elderly patients often experience comorbidities and frailty, the utility of cisplatin-based chemotherapy for elderly patients is still debatable. We conducted this study to compare the safety and efficacy of carboplatin and cisplatin in elderly patients with mUC.
This retrospective study enrolled elderly patients with mUC (defined as aged ≥70 years) who underwent first-line platinum-based chemotherapy between September 2001 and October 2018. The primary endpoints were chemotherapy-related adverse events (AEs), including treatment-related hospitalization or death. The secondary outcomes were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival calculated by Kaplan-Meier analysis.
In total, 108 elderly patients with mUC were enrolled and allocated into the cisplatin or carboplatin group. Patients treated with carboplatin-based chemotherapy had a significantly higher incidence of all grade ≥3 AEs (78.8 vs. 50.0%, p = 0.008) than those on cisplatin. AE-related hospitalization (47.5 vs. 19.1%, p = 0.002) and treatment-related death (17.5 vs. 4.4%, p = 0.02) were significantly increased in the carboplatin group. In the univariate analysis, the median OS in the cisplatin group was significantly increased compared with the carboplatin group (13.6 vs. 7.2 months, p = 0.045). The Cox multivariate regression model indicated that leukocytosis (HR 3.17, 95% CI 1.84-5.46, p < 0.001) and anemia (HR 2.02, 95% CI 1.11-3.65, p = 0.02) were independent prognostic factors.
Elderly patients with mUC treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy had better survival and safety profiles than those treated with carboplatin. Age itself was not a crucial factor in determining cisplatin eligibility.