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Caries Increment and Oral Hygiene Changes in 6- and 12-Year-Old Children in Riga, Latvia: A 3-Year Follow-Up Report Using ICDAS II and RADKE Criteria.
Eur J Dent 2019; 13(3):413-419EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

 The purpose of this study was to investigate the caries increment and oral hygiene changes over a 3-year period and also compare the sensitivity and specificity of Radke's caries assessment method to ICDAS II among 6- and 12-year-old children in Riga, Latvia.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

 Thirty-eight 6 and thirty-nine 12-year-old children were examined visually and with bitewing (BW) radiographs for dental caries at baseline and after a 3-year period. Decayed, missing, and filled surfaces (dmfs/DMFS) in all teeth were scored by one calibrated examiner using the Radke's caries scoring criteria. Oral hygiene level was determined using Green-Vermillion index (G-V ind.) at baseline and after 3 years. ICDAS II was used to assess all children only at the 3rd-year time point. The parents of the 6- and 12-year-old children responded to a questionnaire on oral hygiene at baseline and at the 3-year mark.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS

 The data were analyzed using t-test, Chi-square test, Wilcoxon test (α= 0.05), and sensitivity and specificity tests.

RESULTS

 The mean (SD) values of G-V ind. and caries experience at baseline/3-year period in 6- versus 12-year-old children were as follows. G-V ind.: 1.14(0.80) /1.48(0.89) [p = 0.4768] versus 0.99(0.45)/1.45(1.22) [p = 0.0337]. DMFS: 0.72(1.02)/ 3.13(3.13) [p = 0.0000] versus 6.79(5.14)/14.79(9.86)[p = 0.0000]; dmfs: 11.26(8.71)/7.74 (4.86) [p = 0.0780] versus 3.57 (2.03)/1.5(0.71)[p = 0.3173].The sensitivity and specificity of Radke to ICDAS II of caries-affected surfaces was: in proximal surfaces-0.57 and 0.98, on occlusal surfaces-0.83 and 0.98, on buccal/lingual surfaces-0.43 and 0.99.

CONCLUSIONS

 The result of the present study suggests that the increased caries experience over a 3-year period among the 6- and 12-year-old children in Riga may be due to the concurrent decreased level of oral hygiene, suggesting that ICDAS II instead of Radke's criteria should be used to detect and monitor dental caries.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Oral Health, Riga Stradins University, Riga, Latvia.Department of Comprehensive Dentistry, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, United States.Quantum Dental Technologies, Toronto, Canada.Department of Conservative Dentistry and Oral Health, Riga Stradins University, Riga, Latvia.Department of Conservative Dentistry and Oral Health, Riga Stradins University, Riga, Latvia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31795005

Citation

Gudkina, Jekaterina, et al. "Caries Increment and Oral Hygiene Changes in 6- and 12-Year-Old Children in Riga, Latvia: a 3-Year Follow-Up Report Using ICDAS II and RADKE Criteria." European Journal of Dentistry, vol. 13, no. 3, 2019, pp. 413-419.
Gudkina J, Amaechi BT, Abrams SH, et al. Caries Increment and Oral Hygiene Changes in 6- and 12-Year-Old Children in Riga, Latvia: A 3-Year Follow-Up Report Using ICDAS II and RADKE Criteria. Eur J Dent. 2019;13(3):413-419.
Gudkina, J., Amaechi, B. T., Abrams, S. H., Brinkmane, A., & Jelisejeva, I. (2019). Caries Increment and Oral Hygiene Changes in 6- and 12-Year-Old Children in Riga, Latvia: A 3-Year Follow-Up Report Using ICDAS II and RADKE Criteria. European Journal of Dentistry, 13(3), pp. 413-419. doi:10.1055/s-0039-1700250.
Gudkina J, et al. Caries Increment and Oral Hygiene Changes in 6- and 12-Year-Old Children in Riga, Latvia: a 3-Year Follow-Up Report Using ICDAS II and RADKE Criteria. Eur J Dent. 2019;13(3):413-419. PubMed PMID: 31795005.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Caries Increment and Oral Hygiene Changes in 6- and 12-Year-Old Children in Riga, Latvia: A 3-Year Follow-Up Report Using ICDAS II and RADKE Criteria. AU - Gudkina,Jekaterina, AU - Amaechi,Bennett T, AU - Abrams,Stephen H, AU - Brinkmane,Anda, AU - Jelisejeva,Ieva, Y1 - 2019/12/03/ PY - 2019/12/4/entrez PY - 2019/12/4/pubmed PY - 2019/12/4/medline SP - 413 EP - 419 JF - European journal of dentistry JO - Eur J Dent VL - 13 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVES:  The purpose of this study was to investigate the caries increment and oral hygiene changes over a 3-year period and also compare the sensitivity and specificity of Radke's caries assessment method to ICDAS II among 6- and 12-year-old children in Riga, Latvia. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Thirty-eight 6 and thirty-nine 12-year-old children were examined visually and with bitewing (BW) radiographs for dental caries at baseline and after a 3-year period. Decayed, missing, and filled surfaces (dmfs/DMFS) in all teeth were scored by one calibrated examiner using the Radke's caries scoring criteria. Oral hygiene level was determined using Green-Vermillion index (G-V ind.) at baseline and after 3 years. ICDAS II was used to assess all children only at the 3rd-year time point. The parents of the 6- and 12-year-old children responded to a questionnaire on oral hygiene at baseline and at the 3-year mark. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS:  The data were analyzed using t-test, Chi-square test, Wilcoxon test (α= 0.05), and sensitivity and specificity tests. RESULTS:  The mean (SD) values of G-V ind. and caries experience at baseline/3-year period in 6- versus 12-year-old children were as follows. G-V ind.: 1.14(0.80) /1.48(0.89) [p = 0.4768] versus 0.99(0.45)/1.45(1.22) [p = 0.0337]. DMFS: 0.72(1.02)/ 3.13(3.13) [p = 0.0000] versus 6.79(5.14)/14.79(9.86)[p = 0.0000]; dmfs: 11.26(8.71)/7.74 (4.86) [p = 0.0780] versus 3.57 (2.03)/1.5(0.71)[p = 0.3173].The sensitivity and specificity of Radke to ICDAS II of caries-affected surfaces was: in proximal surfaces-0.57 and 0.98, on occlusal surfaces-0.83 and 0.98, on buccal/lingual surfaces-0.43 and 0.99. CONCLUSIONS:  The result of the present study suggests that the increased caries experience over a 3-year period among the 6- and 12-year-old children in Riga may be due to the concurrent decreased level of oral hygiene, suggesting that ICDAS II instead of Radke's criteria should be used to detect and monitor dental caries. SN - 1305-7456 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31795005/Caries_Increment_and_Oral_Hygiene_Changes_in_6-_and_12-Year-Old_Children_in_Riga,_Latvia:_A_3-Year_Follow-Up_Report_Using_ICDAS_II_and_RADKE_Criteria DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -