Effects of Long-term Cotton Continuous Cropping on Soil Microbiome.Sci Rep. 2019 12 04; 9(1):18297.SR
Verticillium wilt is a severe disease of cotton crops in Xinjiang and affecting yields and quality, due to the continuous cotton cropping in the past decades. The relationship between continuous cropping and the changes induced on soil microbiome remains unclear to date. In this study, the culture types of 15 isolates from Bole (5F), Kuitun (7F), and Shihezi (8F) of north Xinjiang were sclerotium type. Only isolates from field 5F belonged to nondefoliating pathotype, the others belonged to defoliating pathotype. The isolates showed pathogenicity differentiation in cotton. Fungal and bacterial communities in soils had some difference in alpha-diversity, relative abundance, structure and taxonomic composition, but microbial groups showed similarity in the same habitat, despite different sampling sites. The fungal phyla Ascomycota, and the bacterial phyla Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Chloroflexi, Acidobacteria and Gemmatimonadetes were strongly enriched. Verticillium abundance was significantly and positively correlated with AN, but negatively correlated with soil OM, AK and pH. Moreover, Verticillium was correlated in abundances with 5 fungal and 6 bacterial genera. Overall, we demonstrate that soil microbiome communities have similar responses to long-term continuous cotton cropping, providing new insights into the effects of continuous cotton cropping on soil microbial communities.