The novel aminoglycoside, ELX-02, permits CTNSW138X translational read-through and restores lysosomal cystine efflux in cystinosis.PLoS One 2019; 14(12):e0223954Plos
Cystinosis is a rare disorder caused by recessive mutations of the CTNS gene. Current therapy decreases cystine accumulation, thus slowing organ deterioration without reversing renal Fanconi syndrome or preventing eventual need for a kidney transplant.15-20% of cystinosis patients harbour at least one nonsense mutation in CTNS, leading to premature end of translation of the transcript. Aminoglycosides have been shown to permit translational read-through but have high toxicity level, especially in the kidney and inner ear. ELX-02, a modified aminoglycoside, retains it read-through ability without the toxicity.
METHODS AND FINDINGS
We ascertained the toxicity of ELX-02 in cells and in mice as well as the effect of ELX-02 on translational read-through of nonsense mutations in cystinotic mice and human cells. ELX-02 was not toxic in vitro or in vivo, and permitted read-through of nonsense mutations in cystinotic mice and human cells.
ELX-02 has translational read-through activity and produces a functional CTNS protein, as evidenced by reduced cystine accumulation. This reduction is comparable to cysteamine treatment. ELX-02 accumulates in the kidney but neither cytotoxicity nor nephrotoxicity was observed.