Protein C-ets-2 epigenetically suppresses TLRs-induced interleukin 6 production in macrophages.Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2019BB
Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a major proinflammatory cytokine involved in several aspects of the immune response. Excessive IL-6 production and dysregulated IL-6 receptor signaling lead to multiple inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, such as asthma, even cancer. Thus, its precise regulatory mechanisms need to be fully addressed. Here we found that knockdown of protein C-ets-2 (Ets2) resulted in higher IL-6 production after TLRs activation in macrophages. Mechanistically, Ets2 associated with an epigenetic modifier histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) and promoted its recruitment to the Il6 promoter after TLRs activation. Subsequentially, it enhanced histone deacetylation and inhibited Il6 mRNA transcription. Thus, Ets2 epigenetically suppresses TLRs-induced IL-6 production in both human and murine macrophages via promoting histone deacetylation of the Il6 promoter, serving as a new potential therapeutic target in inflammatory diseases therapy.