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Positive aspects of care in informal caregivers of community-dwelling dementia patients.
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2020 Aug; 27(4):330-341.JP

Abstract

WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Positive aspects of care are considered an essential part of caregiving research. They have been related to a wide range of dimensions of the caregiving circumstances, but there are few valid, reliable and brief measures to assess them. One of the most frequently used internationally is the Positive Aspects of Caregiving (PAC) scale, whose psychometric properties have received little attention. WHAT THE PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: The present study analyses the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the PAC scale in a sample of informal caregivers of someone with dementia and further explores the association of different factors (e.g. caregiver health, sociodemographic variables) with the PAC. The Portuguese version of PAC scale presented good psychometric characteristics, and the factor analysis revealed the presence of two factors: affirming self and enriching life. Our study also verified that higher levels of PAC are more likely to be associated with better caregiver health perception, lower levels of psychological distress and burden, the care recipient's older age, providing care to more than one care recipient, not receiving social support services and not considering institutionalizing the care recipient. WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE?: Findings from this study can assist professionals, including mental health nurses, to develop and implement effective interventions that help dementia caregivers to maintain their emotional health by identifying and focusing specific positive aspects of care. The study stresses the Portuguese version of the PAC scale as a reliable and valid measure for practice.

ABSTRACT:

Introduction Positive aspects of care refer to the psychosocial benefits of caregiving. The Positive Aspects of Caregiving (PAC) scale is one of the instruments most frequently used internationally, but its psychometric properties and correlates within the caregiving experience have received limited attention. Aim To examine the factorial structure of the Portuguese version of PAC scale and to analyse background and contextual factors that are more likely to be associated with higher levels of PAC. Method The PAC scale, a sociodemographic questionnaire and measures assessing burden and physical and mental health were administered to 204 informal caregivers of dementia patients. Results Exploratory factor analysis revealed a two-factor structure; internal consistency was adequate. Higher scores were negatively correlated with caregiver burden and distress. Better health perception, care recipient's older age, providing care to more than one care recipient and overall self-reliance were correlated with higher levels of PAC. Discussion The PAC scale was found to be a reliable and valid measure. Dementia caregiving circumstances and caregivers' and care receivers' characteristics play an important role for the presence of PAC, but relate distinctively with its dimensions. Implications for Practice Findings can help mental health nurses to recognize distinctive relations between PAC and caregiving variables.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Education and Psychology, University of Aveiro (DEP-UA), Aveiro, Portugal. Center for Health Technology and Services Research (CINTESIS), Porto, Portugal. Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar, University of Porto (ICBAS-UP), Porto, Portugal.Center for Health Technology and Services Research (CINTESIS), Porto, Portugal. Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar, University of Porto (ICBAS-UP), Porto, Portugal.Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar, University of Porto (ICBAS-UP), Porto, Portugal.Center for Health Technology and Services Research (CINTESIS), Porto, Portugal. Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar, University of Porto (ICBAS-UP), Porto, Portugal.Center for Health Technology and Services Research (CINTESIS), Porto, Portugal. Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar, University of Porto (ICBAS-UP), Porto, Portugal.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31811684

Citation

Ribeiro, Oscar, et al. "Positive Aspects of Care in Informal Caregivers of Community-dwelling Dementia Patients." Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, vol. 27, no. 4, 2020, pp. 330-341.
Ribeiro O, Brandão D, Oliveira AF, et al. Positive aspects of care in informal caregivers of community-dwelling dementia patients. J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2020;27(4):330-341.
Ribeiro, O., Brandão, D., Oliveira, A. F., Teixeira, L., & Paúl, C. (2020). Positive aspects of care in informal caregivers of community-dwelling dementia patients. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 27(4), 330-341. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpm.12582
Ribeiro O, et al. Positive Aspects of Care in Informal Caregivers of Community-dwelling Dementia Patients. J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2020;27(4):330-341. PubMed PMID: 31811684.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Positive aspects of care in informal caregivers of community-dwelling dementia patients. AU - Ribeiro,Oscar, AU - Brandão,Daniela, AU - Oliveira,Ana F, AU - Teixeira,Laetitia, AU - Paúl,Constança, Y1 - 2019/12/23/ PY - 2019/07/26/received PY - 2019/11/26/revised PY - 2019/12/04/accepted PY - 2019/12/8/pubmed PY - 2019/12/8/medline PY - 2019/12/8/entrez KW - caregivers KW - dementia KW - positive aspects of caregiving KW - psychometrics SP - 330 EP - 341 JF - Journal of psychiatric and mental health nursing JO - J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs VL - 27 IS - 4 N2 - WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Positive aspects of care are considered an essential part of caregiving research. They have been related to a wide range of dimensions of the caregiving circumstances, but there are few valid, reliable and brief measures to assess them. One of the most frequently used internationally is the Positive Aspects of Caregiving (PAC) scale, whose psychometric properties have received little attention. WHAT THE PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: The present study analyses the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the PAC scale in a sample of informal caregivers of someone with dementia and further explores the association of different factors (e.g. caregiver health, sociodemographic variables) with the PAC. The Portuguese version of PAC scale presented good psychometric characteristics, and the factor analysis revealed the presence of two factors: affirming self and enriching life. Our study also verified that higher levels of PAC are more likely to be associated with better caregiver health perception, lower levels of psychological distress and burden, the care recipient's older age, providing care to more than one care recipient, not receiving social support services and not considering institutionalizing the care recipient. WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE?: Findings from this study can assist professionals, including mental health nurses, to develop and implement effective interventions that help dementia caregivers to maintain their emotional health by identifying and focusing specific positive aspects of care. The study stresses the Portuguese version of the PAC scale as a reliable and valid measure for practice. ABSTRACT: Introduction Positive aspects of care refer to the psychosocial benefits of caregiving. The Positive Aspects of Caregiving (PAC) scale is one of the instruments most frequently used internationally, but its psychometric properties and correlates within the caregiving experience have received limited attention. Aim To examine the factorial structure of the Portuguese version of PAC scale and to analyse background and contextual factors that are more likely to be associated with higher levels of PAC. Method The PAC scale, a sociodemographic questionnaire and measures assessing burden and physical and mental health were administered to 204 informal caregivers of dementia patients. Results Exploratory factor analysis revealed a two-factor structure; internal consistency was adequate. Higher scores were negatively correlated with caregiver burden and distress. Better health perception, care recipient's older age, providing care to more than one care recipient and overall self-reliance were correlated with higher levels of PAC. Discussion The PAC scale was found to be a reliable and valid measure. Dementia caregiving circumstances and caregivers' and care receivers' characteristics play an important role for the presence of PAC, but relate distinctively with its dimensions. Implications for Practice Findings can help mental health nurses to recognize distinctive relations between PAC and caregiving variables. SN - 1365-2850 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31811684/Positive_aspects_of_care_in_informal_caregivers_of_community_dwelling_dementia_patients_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jpm.12582 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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