Positive aspects of care in informal caregivers of community-dwelling dementia patients.J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2020 Aug; 27(4):330-341.JP
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Positive aspects of care are considered an essential part of caregiving research. They have been related to a wide range of dimensions of the caregiving circumstances, but there are few valid, reliable and brief measures to assess them. One of the most frequently used internationally is the Positive Aspects of Caregiving (PAC) scale, whose psychometric properties have received little attention. WHAT THE PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: The present study analyses the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the PAC scale in a sample of informal caregivers of someone with dementia and further explores the association of different factors (e.g. caregiver health, sociodemographic variables) with the PAC. The Portuguese version of PAC scale presented good psychometric characteristics, and the factor analysis revealed the presence of two factors: affirming self and enriching life. Our study also verified that higher levels of PAC are more likely to be associated with better caregiver health perception, lower levels of psychological distress and burden, the care recipient's older age, providing care to more than one care recipient, not receiving social support services and not considering institutionalizing the care recipient. WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE?: Findings from this study can assist professionals, including mental health nurses, to develop and implement effective interventions that help dementia caregivers to maintain their emotional health by identifying and focusing specific positive aspects of care. The study stresses the Portuguese version of the PAC scale as a reliable and valid measure for practice.