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Optimization of NPK fertilization combined with phytoremediation of cadmium contaminated soil by orthogonal experiment.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2020 Feb; 189:109997.EE

Abstract

In the current experiment, influence of NPK composition on the Cd contaminated soil-plant (Solanum nigrum L.) system as well as the phytoremediation efficiency were comprehensively studied. The composition of NPK was optimized for a sustainable phytoremediation and simultaneous agronomic technique in Cd-contaminated soil by orthogonal (L14) experiment, aimed to achieve plant productivity and maximum phytoremediation potential enhancement. Results showed that different treatments of NPK composition enhanced soil properties including saccharase, urease, catalase and acid phosphatase activities as compared to the control treatment, however, soil pH was slightly decreased by 3.64%~6.67% with different composition of NPK treatments. Plant biomass and Cd concentration in the aboveground part (stem and leaves) of S. nigrum were significantly (P < 0.05) enhanced by 14.19%~48.97% and 38.50%~127.15% as compared to control plants with the addition of NPK fertilizers having different composition. Meanwhile, with the application of NPK fertilizer root/shoot Cd ratio and translocation factor (TF) was significantly decreased, however, bioconcentration factor (BCF) was increased as compared to control. Additionally, different composition of NPK fertilizers significantly increased photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, total chlorophyll, and carotenoids) and soluble protein in comparison to control. The activities of antioxidant enzymes in S. nigrum including ascorbate peroxidase (APX), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione reductase (GR) were increased, while malonaldehyde (MDA) and proline contents were decreased. Principal component analysis (PCA) showed that N3P2K2 treatment had the highest comprehensive score amongst other studied treatments of NPK composition, owing to its optimal composition for the investigated soil-S. nigrum system. Moreover, it was found that optimal composition (N3P2K2) of fertilizer resulted in increase of the plant resistance to Cd and the efficiency of phytoextraction. Therefore, it is suggested to all the small-holder famers and scientific community that precise composition of NPK fertilizer should be utilized according to soil properties, environmental conditions and plant requirements under Cd-stress condition in order to achieve maximum biomass, Cd uptake efficiency as well phytoremediation potential in moderately Cd contaminated soil.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China; Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China. Electronic address: wangjuncai@sjtu.edu.cn.School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China; Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China.School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China; Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China.School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China; Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China.School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China; Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China.School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China; Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China.College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, 712100, China.Department of Natural Resource Economics, University of National and World Economy (UNWE), 1700, Sofia, Student Town, Bulgaria.School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China; Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China. Electronic address: zhdsjtu@sjtu.edu.cn.School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China; Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China. Electronic address: peizhousjtu@163.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31812023

Citation

Wang, Juncai, et al. "Optimization of NPK Fertilization Combined With Phytoremediation of Cadmium Contaminated Soil By Orthogonal Experiment." Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 189, 2020, p. 109997.
Wang J, Chen X, Chi Y, et al. Optimization of NPK fertilization combined with phytoremediation of cadmium contaminated soil by orthogonal experiment. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2020;189:109997.
Wang, J., Chen, X., Chi, Y., Chu, S., Hayat, K., Zhi, Y., Hayat, S., Terziev, D., Zhang, D., & Zhou, P. (2020). Optimization of NPK fertilization combined with phytoremediation of cadmium contaminated soil by orthogonal experiment. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 189, 109997. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2019.109997
Wang J, et al. Optimization of NPK Fertilization Combined With Phytoremediation of Cadmium Contaminated Soil By Orthogonal Experiment. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2020;189:109997. PubMed PMID: 31812023.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Optimization of NPK fertilization combined with phytoremediation of cadmium contaminated soil by orthogonal experiment. AU - Wang,Juncai, AU - Chen,Xunfeng, AU - Chi,Yaowei, AU - Chu,Shaohua, AU - Hayat,Kashif, AU - Zhi,Yuee, AU - Hayat,Sikandar, AU - Terziev,Dimitar, AU - Zhang,Dan, AU - Zhou,Pei, Y1 - 2019/12/04/ PY - 2019/07/02/received PY - 2019/11/19/revised PY - 2019/11/21/accepted PY - 2019/12/8/pubmed PY - 2020/4/28/medline PY - 2019/12/8/entrez KW - Cadmium KW - NPK fertilizers KW - Orthogonal experiment KW - Phytoextraction KW - Solanum nigrum SP - 109997 EP - 109997 JF - Ecotoxicology and environmental safety JO - Ecotoxicol Environ Saf VL - 189 N2 - In the current experiment, influence of NPK composition on the Cd contaminated soil-plant (Solanum nigrum L.) system as well as the phytoremediation efficiency were comprehensively studied. The composition of NPK was optimized for a sustainable phytoremediation and simultaneous agronomic technique in Cd-contaminated soil by orthogonal (L14) experiment, aimed to achieve plant productivity and maximum phytoremediation potential enhancement. Results showed that different treatments of NPK composition enhanced soil properties including saccharase, urease, catalase and acid phosphatase activities as compared to the control treatment, however, soil pH was slightly decreased by 3.64%~6.67% with different composition of NPK treatments. Plant biomass and Cd concentration in the aboveground part (stem and leaves) of S. nigrum were significantly (P < 0.05) enhanced by 14.19%~48.97% and 38.50%~127.15% as compared to control plants with the addition of NPK fertilizers having different composition. Meanwhile, with the application of NPK fertilizer root/shoot Cd ratio and translocation factor (TF) was significantly decreased, however, bioconcentration factor (BCF) was increased as compared to control. Additionally, different composition of NPK fertilizers significantly increased photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, total chlorophyll, and carotenoids) and soluble protein in comparison to control. The activities of antioxidant enzymes in S. nigrum including ascorbate peroxidase (APX), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione reductase (GR) were increased, while malonaldehyde (MDA) and proline contents were decreased. Principal component analysis (PCA) showed that N3P2K2 treatment had the highest comprehensive score amongst other studied treatments of NPK composition, owing to its optimal composition for the investigated soil-S. nigrum system. Moreover, it was found that optimal composition (N3P2K2) of fertilizer resulted in increase of the plant resistance to Cd and the efficiency of phytoextraction. Therefore, it is suggested to all the small-holder famers and scientific community that precise composition of NPK fertilizer should be utilized according to soil properties, environmental conditions and plant requirements under Cd-stress condition in order to achieve maximum biomass, Cd uptake efficiency as well phytoremediation potential in moderately Cd contaminated soil. SN - 1090-2414 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31812023/Optimization_of_NPK_fertilization_combined_with_phytoremediation_of_cadmium_contaminated_soil_by_orthogonal_experiment_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0147-6513(19)31328-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -