[Gastric neuroendocrine tumors].Khirurgiia (Mosk). 2019K
Gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors are rare neoplasms. Currently, incidence of gastric neuroendocrine tumors (gNETs) is being significantly increased. There are 3 groups of gNETs: types I, II and III. Each type has important features regarding clinical picture, prognosis and treatment strategy. Type I is the most common (70-80%) and associated with chronic atrophic gastritis including autoimmune gastritis and Helicobacter associated atrophic gastritis. Type II (5-6%) is associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia type I and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (MEN I - ZES). Both types are characterized by hypergastrinemia and small tumor dimension. These neoplasms are multiple and mostly benign. On the contrary, NETs type III (10-15%) is not associated with hypergastrinemia and represented by single large neoplasms. Tumors are malignant as a rule. Therefore, surgical resection and chemotherapy are preferred for these tumors. Endoscopic surgery followed by observation is acceptable for almost all NETS type I and II. At the same time, this approach is advisable only for small and highly differentiated neoplasms type III.