Topotactic Transformation Synthesis of 2D Ultrathin GeS2 Nanosheets toward High-Rate and High-Energy-Density Sodium-Ion Half/Full Batteries.ACS Nano. 2020 Jan 28; 14(1):531-540.AN
Currently, development of metal sulfide anodes for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) with high capacity, fast charging/discharging, and good cycling performance continues to present a great challenge. Hence, a topochemical conversion strategy is reported to fabricate 2D ultrathin GeS2 nanosheets (thickness: ∼1.2 nm) as the potential anodes for sodium storage. The 2D ultrathin nanostructure can mitigate the electrode-electrolyte contact issue faced by bulk material and provide shorter transport/diffusion pathways for Na ions and electrons, resulting in excellent rate performance. Impressively, ultrathin GeS2 nanosheets can bring a large capacity of 515 mAh g-1 even after 2000 cycles under 10 A g-1. Additionally, as revealed by calculations and in situ/ex situ technique analysis, a favorable mechanism of Na+ intercalation/deintercalation into/from the GeS2 interlayer region (GeS2 ↔ NaxGeS2) is demonstrated. Furthermore, when coupled with the advanced cathode of Na3V2(PO4)2O2F, the sodium-ion full cell shows a stable high energy density (213 Wh kg-1), which makes our ultrathin GeS2 nanosheets a promising candidate for SIBs.