Segmented retinal layer analysis of chiasmal compressive optic neuropathy in pituitary adenoma patients.Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2020 Feb; 258(2):419-425.GA
To evaluate changes in the segmented retinal layers of pituitary adenoma (PA) patients and to identify the relationship between these changes and visual function.
A total of 47 (PA patients) and 22 (healthy subjects) eyes were reviewed from the medical records. The PA patients performed a visual field (VF) test before surgery and 1 month after surgery. By optical coherence tomography scanning, eight retinal layers were measured: retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL), inner plexiform layer (IPL), inner nuclear layer (INL), outer plexiform layer, outer nuclear layer, retinal pigment epithelium, and photoreceptor layer.
The PA group showed reduced RNFL, GCL, and IPL thicknesses (p = 0.004,< 0.001,< 0.001) and thicker INL thickness (p = 0.012) than did the controls. The mean deviation of preoperative VF in the PA group was positively correlated with RNFL, GCL, and IPL thicknesses (R = 0.664, 0.720, 0.664; p < 0.001,< 0.001,< 0.001) and negatively correlated with the INL thickness (R = -0.400; p = 0.010). Among the 47 eyes, 32 eyes (68%) were included for subgroup analysis. Preoperative RNFL, GCL, and IPL thicknesses were thicker in the postoperatively improved VF group (p = 0.019, 0.009, 0.005). The preoperative cutoff values for visual recovery were 23.6 μm for RNFL thickness, 30.6 μm for GCL thickness, and 28.9 μm for IPL thickness.
During chiasmal compression, the thickening of the INL has presented in addition to thinning of the inner retinal layers. Also, changes in retinal anatomical structures are related to the extent of VF defect and can be used as a predictor of postoperative visual recovery.