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Molar incisor hypomineralisation in Lebanon: prevalence and clinical characteristics.
Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2020 Oct; 21(5):609-616.EA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) is a qualitative enamel developmental defect affecting 1-4 first permanent molars and sometimes the permanent incisors. MIH is extremely widespread around the world and presents a considerable clinical problem in paediatric dentistry. Although, little prevalence data exist for Middle East populations including the Lebanese one.

AIM

The objectives of this study were to investigate the prevalence of MIH in 7-9-year-old Lebanese children, with relevance to gender, jaw and side distribution, and to assess the clinical status, extent and severity of MIH lesions of the affected teeth.

DESIGN

Representative sample (n = 659) of 7-9-year-old Lebanese children attending private and public schools distributed throughout Lebanon was examined for MIH. Clinical status, extent and severity of MIH lesions on FPMs and permanent incisors were scored using the short-form grading method (MIH index) of Ghanim et al. (Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 16:235-246, 2015).

RESULTS

An overall MIH prevalence of 26.7% was reported with no significant predilection for girls over boys. 52.8% of the cases present with only molars and. 47.2% with both molars and incisors and did not present any significant difference between upper and lower jaws (P = 0.325). Left-side FPMs were more affected than the right ones (P = 0.0218). Central incisors were significantly more affected than the laterals in both jaws (P < 0.0001). Maxillary central incisors were significantly more affected than their mandibular counterparts (P < 0.0001). Most of the clinical status was demarcated opacities extended on less than the third of the tooth surface. The extent of lesions correlated significantly with the number of affected molars. Most of the affected teeth presented with mild defects and the degree of severity was not correlated with gender but significantly increased with age.

CONCLUSIONS

MIH is prevalent in Lebanon. Further studies are required to analyse the possible systemic and environmental etiologies among Lebanese children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Public Dental Health, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon. Roulaelzein@ul.edu.lb.Medical Genetics Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Saint-Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon.Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Cellular Immunology, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon.Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Public Dental Health, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon.Department of Forensic Odontology, Human Identification and Anthropology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31865536

Citation

Elzein, R, et al. "Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation in Lebanon: Prevalence and Clinical Characteristics." European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry : Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry, vol. 21, no. 5, 2020, pp. 609-616.
Elzein R, Chouery E, Abdel-Sater F, et al. Molar incisor hypomineralisation in Lebanon: prevalence and clinical characteristics. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2020;21(5):609-616.
Elzein, R., Chouery, E., Abdel-Sater, F., Bacho, R., & Ayoub, F. (2020). Molar incisor hypomineralisation in Lebanon: prevalence and clinical characteristics. European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry : Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry, 21(5), 609-616. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40368-019-00505-w
Elzein R, et al. Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation in Lebanon: Prevalence and Clinical Characteristics. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2020;21(5):609-616. PubMed PMID: 31865536.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Molar incisor hypomineralisation in Lebanon: prevalence and clinical characteristics. AU - Elzein,R, AU - Chouery,E, AU - Abdel-Sater,F, AU - Bacho,R, AU - Ayoub,F, Y1 - 2019/12/21/ PY - 2019/09/16/received PY - 2019/12/10/accepted PY - 2019/12/23/pubmed PY - 2020/9/30/medline PY - 2019/12/23/entrez KW - Characteristics KW - Lebanon KW - MIH index KW - Molar incisor hypomineralisation KW - Prevalence SP - 609 EP - 616 JF - European archives of paediatric dentistry : official journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry JO - Eur Arch Paediatr Dent VL - 21 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) is a qualitative enamel developmental defect affecting 1-4 first permanent molars and sometimes the permanent incisors. MIH is extremely widespread around the world and presents a considerable clinical problem in paediatric dentistry. Although, little prevalence data exist for Middle East populations including the Lebanese one. AIM: The objectives of this study were to investigate the prevalence of MIH in 7-9-year-old Lebanese children, with relevance to gender, jaw and side distribution, and to assess the clinical status, extent and severity of MIH lesions of the affected teeth. DESIGN: Representative sample (n = 659) of 7-9-year-old Lebanese children attending private and public schools distributed throughout Lebanon was examined for MIH. Clinical status, extent and severity of MIH lesions on FPMs and permanent incisors were scored using the short-form grading method (MIH index) of Ghanim et al. (Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 16:235-246, 2015). RESULTS: An overall MIH prevalence of 26.7% was reported with no significant predilection for girls over boys. 52.8% of the cases present with only molars and. 47.2% with both molars and incisors and did not present any significant difference between upper and lower jaws (P = 0.325). Left-side FPMs were more affected than the right ones (P = 0.0218). Central incisors were significantly more affected than the laterals in both jaws (P < 0.0001). Maxillary central incisors were significantly more affected than their mandibular counterparts (P < 0.0001). Most of the clinical status was demarcated opacities extended on less than the third of the tooth surface. The extent of lesions correlated significantly with the number of affected molars. Most of the affected teeth presented with mild defects and the degree of severity was not correlated with gender but significantly increased with age. CONCLUSIONS: MIH is prevalent in Lebanon. Further studies are required to analyse the possible systemic and environmental etiologies among Lebanese children. SN - 1996-9805 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31865536/Molar_incisor_hypomineralisation_in_Lebanon:_prevalence_and_clinical_characteristics_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40368-019-00505-w DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -