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Relationship Between Hallux Valgus and Pes Planus: Real or Fiction?
J Foot Ankle Surg. 2020 May - Jun; 59(3):513-517.JF

Abstract

Hallux valgus is one of the most common and painful deformities, occurring due to adductor/abductor imbalance of the big toe. Many structural foot disorders have been suggested as the cause of hallux valgus deformity. In this study, we aimed to show the relationship between hallux valgus and pes planus in adult males. A total of 213 patients were included in this study between May 2013 and May 2014. 54 patients with hallux valgus angle (HVA) >20° and intermetatarsal angle (IMA) >9° were evaluated in the case group and 159 patients randomly selected from those admitted for a recent foot ankle trauma with the HVA <15° and IMA <9° were the control group. All patients' HVA, IMA, and talonavicular coverage angle on anteroposterior (AP) foot radiographs and talar-first metatarsal angle (Meary's angle), calcaneal pitch angle, and lateral talocalcaneal angle on lateral foot radiographs were measured. There was no significant difference in talonavicular and Meary's angles between the groups. Calcaneal pitch angle was significantly lower in the case group, whereas talonavicular angle was higher in the control group. Calcaneal pitch angle and lateral talocalcaneal angle showed significant negative correlation with HVA and IMA. There are few reports in the literature about the relationship between pes planus and hallux valgus. Our results strongly showed a high correlation between pes planus and hallux valgus. Further larger patient cohort studies are needed to support our results.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Surgeon, Orthopedics and Traumatology Department, Ankara Güven Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.Surgeon, Orthopedics and Traumatology Department, Gulhane Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.Surgeon, Orthopedics and Traumatology Department, Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya, Turkey.Surgeon, Orthopedics and Traumatology Department, Ankara Güven Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.Physician, Ilkbahar Medical Imaging Center, Ankara, Turkey.Physicist, Medical Diagnostic Imaging Department, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address: tekin765@gmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31866373

Citation

Atbaşı, Zafer, et al. "Relationship Between Hallux Valgus and Pes Planus: Real or Fiction?" The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery : Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons, vol. 59, no. 3, 2020, pp. 513-517.
Atbaşı Z, Erdem Y, Kose O, et al. Relationship Between Hallux Valgus and Pes Planus: Real or Fiction? J Foot Ankle Surg. 2020;59(3):513-517.
Atbaşı, Z., Erdem, Y., Kose, O., Demiralp, B., Ilkbahar, S., & Tekin, H. O. (2020). Relationship Between Hallux Valgus and Pes Planus: Real or Fiction? The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery : Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons, 59(3), 513-517. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2019.09.037
Atbaşı Z, et al. Relationship Between Hallux Valgus and Pes Planus: Real or Fiction. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2020 May - Jun;59(3):513-517. PubMed PMID: 31866373.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Relationship Between Hallux Valgus and Pes Planus: Real or Fiction? AU - Atbaşı,Zafer, AU - Erdem,Yusuf, AU - Kose,Ozkan, AU - Demiralp,Bahtiyar, AU - Ilkbahar,Serkan, AU - Tekin,H O, Y1 - 2019/12/19/ PY - 2019/08/05/received PY - 2019/09/21/revised PY - 2019/09/27/accepted PY - 2019/12/24/pubmed PY - 2019/12/24/medline PY - 2019/12/24/entrez KW - foot disorders KW - radiographic measurement KW - relation SP - 513 EP - 517 JF - The Journal of foot and ankle surgery : official publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons JO - J Foot Ankle Surg VL - 59 IS - 3 N2 - Hallux valgus is one of the most common and painful deformities, occurring due to adductor/abductor imbalance of the big toe. Many structural foot disorders have been suggested as the cause of hallux valgus deformity. In this study, we aimed to show the relationship between hallux valgus and pes planus in adult males. A total of 213 patients were included in this study between May 2013 and May 2014. 54 patients with hallux valgus angle (HVA) >20° and intermetatarsal angle (IMA) >9° were evaluated in the case group and 159 patients randomly selected from those admitted for a recent foot ankle trauma with the HVA <15° and IMA <9° were the control group. All patients' HVA, IMA, and talonavicular coverage angle on anteroposterior (AP) foot radiographs and talar-first metatarsal angle (Meary's angle), calcaneal pitch angle, and lateral talocalcaneal angle on lateral foot radiographs were measured. There was no significant difference in talonavicular and Meary's angles between the groups. Calcaneal pitch angle was significantly lower in the case group, whereas talonavicular angle was higher in the control group. Calcaneal pitch angle and lateral talocalcaneal angle showed significant negative correlation with HVA and IMA. There are few reports in the literature about the relationship between pes planus and hallux valgus. Our results strongly showed a high correlation between pes planus and hallux valgus. Further larger patient cohort studies are needed to support our results. SN - 1542-2224 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31866373/Relationship_Between_Hallux_Valgus_and_Pes_Planus:_Real_or_Fiction L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1067-2516(19)30390-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -