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Daily Cigarette Consumption and Urine Cotinine Level between Dual Users of Electronic and Conventional Cigarettes, and Cigarette-Only Users.
J Psychoactive Drugs. 2020 Jan-Mar; 52(1):20-26.JP

Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify whether or not the dual users of conventional cigarettes and e-cigs were naturally reducing the amount of their cigarette smoking while they were using e-cigs, and whether their urine cotinine level became similar or less compared to conventional cigarette-only smokers. We used data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), a nationally representative sample collected in 2014-2016. We selected 2,442 participants who were over 19 years old and were current users of conventional cigarettes and e-cigs. Among the total sample, 12.8% were dual users of e-cigs and conventional cigarettes. Conventional cigarette-only users smoked 14.26 (±23.19) cigarettes a day, while dual users of electronic and conventional cigarettes smoked 14.46 (±7.88) cigarettes a day (p < .001). Means of urine cotinine level in conventional cigarette-only users and dual users were 1250.35 ng/mL (±832.75) and 1364.95 ng/mL (±827.96), respectively (p < .001). The result of a multiple linear regression analysis identified that dual users' cotinine level was 136.80 ng/mL higher, compared to conventional cigarette smokers' one (p = .011). Unlike the argument that e-cigs can be used as a smoking cessation aid, we found that using e-cigs might be less likely to support quitting smoking or reducing cigarette consumption.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Southern Gyeonggi Regional Smoking Cessation Centre, Hallym University, Anyang, Republic of Korea.National Tobacco Control Centre, Korea Health Promotion Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31876439

Citation

Kim, Jinyoung, and Sungkyu Lee. "Daily Cigarette Consumption and Urine Cotinine Level Between Dual Users of Electronic and Conventional Cigarettes, and Cigarette-Only Users." Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, vol. 52, no. 1, 2020, pp. 20-26.
Kim J, Lee S. Daily Cigarette Consumption and Urine Cotinine Level between Dual Users of Electronic and Conventional Cigarettes, and Cigarette-Only Users. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2020;52(1):20-26.
Kim, J., & Lee, S. (2020). Daily Cigarette Consumption and Urine Cotinine Level between Dual Users of Electronic and Conventional Cigarettes, and Cigarette-Only Users. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 52(1), 20-26. https://doi.org/10.1080/02791072.2019.1706791
Kim J, Lee S. Daily Cigarette Consumption and Urine Cotinine Level Between Dual Users of Electronic and Conventional Cigarettes, and Cigarette-Only Users. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2020 Jan-Mar;52(1):20-26. PubMed PMID: 31876439.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Daily Cigarette Consumption and Urine Cotinine Level between Dual Users of Electronic and Conventional Cigarettes, and Cigarette-Only Users. AU - Kim,Jinyoung,Ph.D., M.P.H AU - Lee,Sungkyu, Y1 - 2019/12/26/ PY - 2019/12/27/pubmed PY - 2021/5/18/medline PY - 2019/12/27/entrez KW - Tobacco KW - electronic cigarettes KW - harm reduction KW - nicotine KW - tobacco control SP - 20 EP - 26 JF - Journal of psychoactive drugs JO - J Psychoactive Drugs VL - 52 IS - 1 N2 - The aim of this study was to identify whether or not the dual users of conventional cigarettes and e-cigs were naturally reducing the amount of their cigarette smoking while they were using e-cigs, and whether their urine cotinine level became similar or less compared to conventional cigarette-only smokers. We used data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), a nationally representative sample collected in 2014-2016. We selected 2,442 participants who were over 19 years old and were current users of conventional cigarettes and e-cigs. Among the total sample, 12.8% were dual users of e-cigs and conventional cigarettes. Conventional cigarette-only users smoked 14.26 (±23.19) cigarettes a day, while dual users of electronic and conventional cigarettes smoked 14.46 (±7.88) cigarettes a day (p < .001). Means of urine cotinine level in conventional cigarette-only users and dual users were 1250.35 ng/mL (±832.75) and 1364.95 ng/mL (±827.96), respectively (p < .001). The result of a multiple linear regression analysis identified that dual users' cotinine level was 136.80 ng/mL higher, compared to conventional cigarette smokers' one (p = .011). Unlike the argument that e-cigs can be used as a smoking cessation aid, we found that using e-cigs might be less likely to support quitting smoking or reducing cigarette consumption. SN - 2159-9777 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31876439/Daily_Cigarette_Consumption_and_Urine_Cotinine_Level_between_Dual_Users_of_Electronic_and_Conventional_Cigarettes_and_Cigarette_Only_Users_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02791072.2019.1706791 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -