Gastrin-producing ovarian mucinous cystadenomas: a cause of the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome.Surgery. 1988 Nov; 104(5):830-3.S
An ovarian gastrinoma would appear to be an extremely rare cause of the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Nevertheless, two consecutive cases of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome seen at our institution each proved to be caused by a gastrin-producing ovarian mucinous cystadenoma. That the ovarian tumor was the source of gastrin production was established by preoperative and postoperative gastrin and gastric secretory studies and by specific immunocytochemistry of the excised tissue. After oophorectomy, each patient was apparently cured of the disease. Ovarian gastrinomas may not be as uncommon as is generally believed and should be considered as a possible cause of the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome in any female patient in whom a primary gastrointestinal or pancreatic tumor cannot be located.