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Fostering cognizance of organ donation: An education-based approach.
J Family Med Prim Care 2019; 8(12):4021-4026JF

Abstract

Introduction

The knowledge of health professionals and trainees is of great importance as they could be very effective sources of motivation for the general population toward organ donation. So, a study was planned to improve the perceptions of students and faculty about organ donation.

Materials and Method

A program-based educational intervention was implemented in a dental institute by a medical professional. It was attended by 168 participants, including interns, postgraduate students, and faculty members. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of 27 questions about knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of organ donation was used. Statistical analysis was done using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software Version 23, IBM. The difference in knowledge and attitude according to various demographic factors was determined by applying independent t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) test. A Chi-square test was used to assess the association between demographic variables and willingness to sign organ donor card. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Result

The mean knowledge score of the study participants was 9.6 and the mean attitude score was 3.4 at the end of educational program. When association between willingness to sign organ card was assessed with age and gender, it was found that no such association existed. Statistically significant difference was found among males and females when compared for knowledge (P = 0.006) scores and among education group when compared for attitude (P = 0.0238).

Conclusion

The present educational intervention for improving the perceptions of students and faculty about organ donation was successful as the study population was able to achieve sound knowledge and good attitude level.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Manav Rachna Dental College, Sector - 43, Delhi, Suraj Kund Badkhal Rd, Faridabad, Haryana, India.Department of Public Health Dentistry, Manav Rachna Dental College, Sector - 43, Delhi, Suraj Kund Badkhal Rd, Faridabad, Haryana, India.Department of Public Health Dentistry, Manav Rachna Dental College, Sector - 43, Delhi, Suraj Kund Badkhal Rd, Faridabad, Haryana, India.Department of Public Health Dentistry, Institute of Dental Sciences and Technology, Modi Nagar, Uttar Pradesh, India.PG Student, Institute of Dental Sciences and Technologies, Modi Nagar, Uttar Pradesh, India.Department of Public Health Dentistry, Manav Rachna Dental College, Sector - 43, Delhi, Suraj Kund Badkhal Rd, Faridabad, Haryana, India.Department of Public Health Dentistry, Manav Rachna Dental College, Sector - 43, Delhi, Suraj Kund Badkhal Rd, Faridabad, Haryana, India.Department of Public Health Dentistry, Manav Rachna Dental College, Sector - 43, Delhi, Suraj Kund Badkhal Rd, Faridabad, Haryana, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31879653

Citation

Jain, Meena, et al. "Fostering Cognizance of Organ Donation: an Education-based Approach." Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, vol. 8, no. 12, 2019, pp. 4021-4026.
Jain M, Yadav NR, Sharma A, et al. Fostering cognizance of organ donation: An education-based approach. J Family Med Prim Care. 2019;8(12):4021-4026.
Jain, M., Yadav, N. R., Sharma, A., Singh, S., Jain, V., Khanna, B., ... Chhibber, R. (2019). Fostering cognizance of organ donation: An education-based approach. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 8(12), pp. 4021-4026. doi:10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_762_19.
Jain M, et al. Fostering Cognizance of Organ Donation: an Education-based Approach. J Family Med Prim Care. 2019;8(12):4021-4026. PubMed PMID: 31879653.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fostering cognizance of organ donation: An education-based approach. AU - Jain,Meena, AU - Yadav,Nisha Rani, AU - Sharma,Ankur, AU - Singh,Shilpi, AU - Jain,Vishal, AU - Khanna,Brinda, AU - Singh,Archika, AU - Chhibber,Radhika, Y1 - 2019/12/10/ PY - 2019/09/12/received PY - 2019/09/18/revised PY - 2019/10/04/accepted PY - 2019/12/28/entrez PY - 2019/12/28/pubmed PY - 2019/12/28/medline KW - Education KW - intervention KW - organ donation KW - perception KW - willingness SP - 4021 EP - 4026 JF - Journal of family medicine and primary care JO - J Family Med Prim Care VL - 8 IS - 12 N2 - Introduction: The knowledge of health professionals and trainees is of great importance as they could be very effective sources of motivation for the general population toward organ donation. So, a study was planned to improve the perceptions of students and faculty about organ donation. Materials and Method: A program-based educational intervention was implemented in a dental institute by a medical professional. It was attended by 168 participants, including interns, postgraduate students, and faculty members. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of 27 questions about knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of organ donation was used. Statistical analysis was done using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software Version 23, IBM. The difference in knowledge and attitude according to various demographic factors was determined by applying independent t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) test. A Chi-square test was used to assess the association between demographic variables and willingness to sign organ donor card. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Result: The mean knowledge score of the study participants was 9.6 and the mean attitude score was 3.4 at the end of educational program. When association between willingness to sign organ card was assessed with age and gender, it was found that no such association existed. Statistically significant difference was found among males and females when compared for knowledge (P = 0.006) scores and among education group when compared for attitude (P = 0.0238). Conclusion: The present educational intervention for improving the perceptions of students and faculty about organ donation was successful as the study population was able to achieve sound knowledge and good attitude level. SN - 2249-4863 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31879653/Fostering_cognizance_of_organ_donation:_An_education-based_approach L2 - http://www.jfmpc.com/article.asp?issn=2249-4863;year=2019;volume=8;issue=12;spage=4021;epage=4026;aulast=Jain DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -