Production, separation, and characterization of high-purity xylobiose from enzymatic hydrolysis of alkaline oxidation pretreated sugarcane bagasse.Bioresour Technol. 2020 Mar; 299:122625.BT
The production of high-purity xylobiose from lignocellulose is an expensive and tedious process. In this work, the production of xylobiose from enzymatic hydrolysis of alkaline oxidation pretreated sugarcane bagasse was investigated. Furthermore, a simple process for the separation of xylobiose from enzymatic hydrolysate by activated carbon absorption, water washing, and ethanol-water desorption was developed. Under the optimized separation conditions, 96.77% xylobiose was adsorbed at 16% activated carbon loadings. Moreover, xylose and acetate could not be detected after washing by 3-fold volume of water. Xylobiose with 80.16% yield was eluted by 5-fold volume of 5% (v/v) ethanol-water. The reusability of activated carbon was evaluated by 5 cycles of adsorption-desorption process, suggesting that the activated carbon exhibited good reusability. The separated xylobiose sample with high-purity (97.29%) was confirmed by HPLC, ESI-MS, and NMR. Overall, this study provided a low-cost and robust technology for the production and separation of high-purity xylobiose from lignocellulose.