Resveratrol Attenuates Oxidative Stress-Induced Intestinal Barrier Injury through PI3K/Akt-Mediated Nrf2 Signaling Pathway.Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2019; 2019:7591840.OM
Oxidative stress is implicated in a wide range of intestinal disorders and closely associated with their pathological processes. Resveratrol (RSV), a plant extract, plays a vital role in protecting various organs in vitro and in vivo. However, the benefits of RSV are controversial, and underlying mechanisms for its antioxidant effects on intestinal epithelial cells remain unclear. In this study, we evaluated the effects of RSV on oxidative stress induced by H2O2 in IPEC-J2 cells. We found that pretreatment with RSV significantly increased cell viability; increased expression levels of tight junction (TJ) proteins (claudin-1, occludin, and ZO-1); improved activities of superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD-1), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px); and decreased intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and apoptosis induced by H2O2 (P < 0.05). In addition, RSV upregulated Akt phosphorylation, Nrf2 phosphorylation, and expression levels of antioxidant genes HO-1, SOD-1, and CAT in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.05) under oxidative stress. Knockdown of Nrf2 by short-hairpin RNA (shRNA) abrogated RSV-mediated protection against H2O2-induced apoptosis, RSV-induced increase of TJ protein levels, and antioxidant gene expression (SOD-1, CAT, and GSH-Px) (P < 0.05). Consistent with Nrf2 knockdown, the PI3K/Akt inhibitor LY294002 significantly suppressed RSV-induced Nrf2 phosphorylation and RSV-induced increase of TJ protein levels and antioxidant gene expression under H2O2 treatment (P < 0.05). Collectively, these results demonstrate that RSV can directly protect IPEC-J2 cells against oxidative stress through the PI3K/Akt-mediated Nrf2 signaling pathway, suggesting that RSV may be an effective feed additive against intestinal damage in livestock production.