Enhanced denitrification and power generation of municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) effluents with biomass in microbial fuel cell coupled with constructed wetland.Sci Total Environ. 2020 Mar 20; 709:136159.ST
A microbial fuel cell-constructed wetland (MFC-CW) with water hyacinth is established to remove the nitrogen and organics from municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) effluents. Because insufficient carbon sources in influent might decrease pollutants removal efficiency and electricity generation, this research aimed to select high-quality and low-cost biomass as additional carbon source to improve the performance of MFC-CW. Cellulose and hemicellulose (xylan) were chosen as the biomass. Results indicated that xylan displayed a higher nitrate removal (above 92%) compared with cellulose (10.9%). With xylan as carbon source, the anode packing removed nitrate above 80%, while the cathode packing only removed around 50%. With glucose as sole carbon source, the maximum total nitrogen (TN) removal of MFC-CW was 87.66 ± 4.23%, which was higher than that of MFC (85.58 ± 4.14%). The chemical oxygen demand (COD) and TN in the effluent of MFC-CW were maintained below 25 mg/L and 1.5 mg/L, respectively, with the COD/TN ratio around 5.4 and hydraulic retention time (HRT) at 48 h. The TN removal reached the maximum efficiency of 88.78 ± 3.98% when glucose and xylan ratio was in 40%:60% as composite carbon sources, and COD and TN in the effluent were below 20 mg/L and 1.5 mg/L, respectively. In addition, xylan as the additional carbon source significantly promoted the power density compared with sole glucose. Microbial community diversity in the MFC-CW was significantly higher than that in the single MFC or CW. Proteobacteria and Cyanobacteria_norank were relatively more dominant in the MFC-CW than those in the single MFC or CW, which accounted for high nitrogen removal and power generation. Findings in this study proved that MFC-CW with biomass addition enhanced nitrogen removal and power generation.