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Effects of different miracle fruit products on the sensory characteristics of different types of sour foods by descriptive analysis.
J Food Sci. 2020 Jan; 85(1):36-49.JF

Abstract

Miracle fruit's potential benefit is encouraging as a powerful antioxidant and sweetness enhancer due to its novel ability to modify sour taste to sweet. However, further studies are needed to evaluate the practicality of different miracle fruit products. Thus, this study aimed to characterize the taste modification effects of different miracle fruit products on different sour foods. For this, 10 trained subjects (80% female, 50% white, Mean ± SE = 27.3 ± 3.9 years old) performed a Quantitative Descriptive Analysis using a Latin Square design with three replications. One session was composed of pre- and posttest for miracle fruit administration. Five food samples (green apple, goat cheese, lemonade, plain fat-free yogurt, and cucumber pickle) and four miracle fruit products (three different brands of miracle fruit pill-Y, G, M and one powder product-P) were used and data were analyzed using analysis of variance and principal component analysis. The typical effects of miracle fruit, sweetness increase and sourness suppression were observed for all food samples albeit to different degrees. Y and M pills were most impactful while powder product was least, and goat cheese and yogurt had the most pronounced impact at increasing sweetness. Prior Miracle Fruit administration significantly decreased bitterness and increased creaminess in yogurt. However, it increased off-flavor in lemonade and pickle. Results suggest that miracle fruit usage for increasing sweetness is effective but the degree of taste-modifying effect differs according to the types of miracle fruit product and food samples applied. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: This research confirms miracle fruit's unique taste-modifying abilities and demonstrates a high potential as a sweetness enhancer to benefit human health. The results can be used to optimize miracle fruit's application and can be applied by food industry and health care provider to develop clinical remedies or disease prevention strategies.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Author Choi is with Dept. of Family, Nutrition, and Exercise Sciences, Queens College, the City Univ. of New York, Flushing, NY, 11367-1597, U.S.A.Author Garza is with Garza Consulting, Grand Rapids, MI, 49525, U.S.A.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31898814

Citation

Choi, Sung Eun, and Jeff Garza. "Effects of Different Miracle Fruit Products On the Sensory Characteristics of Different Types of Sour Foods By Descriptive Analysis." Journal of Food Science, vol. 85, no. 1, 2020, pp. 36-49.
Choi SE, Garza J. Effects of different miracle fruit products on the sensory characteristics of different types of sour foods by descriptive analysis. J Food Sci. 2020;85(1):36-49.
Choi, S. E., & Garza, J. (2020). Effects of different miracle fruit products on the sensory characteristics of different types of sour foods by descriptive analysis. Journal of Food Science, 85(1), 36-49. https://doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.14988
Choi SE, Garza J. Effects of Different Miracle Fruit Products On the Sensory Characteristics of Different Types of Sour Foods By Descriptive Analysis. J Food Sci. 2020;85(1):36-49. PubMed PMID: 31898814.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of different miracle fruit products on the sensory characteristics of different types of sour foods by descriptive analysis. AU - Choi,Sung Eun, AU - Garza,Jeff, Y1 - 2020/01/03/ PY - 2019/05/25/received PY - 2019/10/30/revised PY - 2019/11/07/accepted PY - 2020/1/4/pubmed PY - 2020/3/24/medline PY - 2020/1/4/entrez KW - descriptive analysis KW - miracle fruit KW - sensory analysis KW - sweeteners KW - taste SP - 36 EP - 49 JF - Journal of food science JO - J Food Sci VL - 85 IS - 1 N2 - Miracle fruit's potential benefit is encouraging as a powerful antioxidant and sweetness enhancer due to its novel ability to modify sour taste to sweet. However, further studies are needed to evaluate the practicality of different miracle fruit products. Thus, this study aimed to characterize the taste modification effects of different miracle fruit products on different sour foods. For this, 10 trained subjects (80% female, 50% white, Mean ± SE = 27.3 ± 3.9 years old) performed a Quantitative Descriptive Analysis using a Latin Square design with three replications. One session was composed of pre- and posttest for miracle fruit administration. Five food samples (green apple, goat cheese, lemonade, plain fat-free yogurt, and cucumber pickle) and four miracle fruit products (three different brands of miracle fruit pill-Y, G, M and one powder product-P) were used and data were analyzed using analysis of variance and principal component analysis. The typical effects of miracle fruit, sweetness increase and sourness suppression were observed for all food samples albeit to different degrees. Y and M pills were most impactful while powder product was least, and goat cheese and yogurt had the most pronounced impact at increasing sweetness. Prior Miracle Fruit administration significantly decreased bitterness and increased creaminess in yogurt. However, it increased off-flavor in lemonade and pickle. Results suggest that miracle fruit usage for increasing sweetness is effective but the degree of taste-modifying effect differs according to the types of miracle fruit product and food samples applied. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: This research confirms miracle fruit's unique taste-modifying abilities and demonstrates a high potential as a sweetness enhancer to benefit human health. The results can be used to optimize miracle fruit's application and can be applied by food industry and health care provider to develop clinical remedies or disease prevention strategies. SN - 1750-3841 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31898814/Effects_of_different_miracle_fruit_products_on_the_sensory_characteristics_of_different_types_of_sour_foods_by_descriptive_analysis_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -