Girolamo Fabrici d'Acquapendente and the Oplomochlion: The Several Applications of an Effective Rehabilitation Tool.Am J Med Sci. 2020 01; 359(1):1-7.AJ
Girolamo Fabrici d'Acquapendente (1533-1619) was an Italian anatomist, surgeon and physiologist and a protagonist of the scientific revolution of the Renaissance. He made anatomy a scientific discipline and is justly considered a precursor of modern orthopaedics. He invented and used several external corrective devices for the treatment of congenital and acquired deformities of the limbs and spinal column, especially those following tubercular infection and rickets, torticollis, vertebral caries kyphosis, scoliosis, and rachitic deformities of the leg, but also congenital dislocation of the hip and congenital club-foot. He ascribed the pathogenesis of the equinovarus supinated foot to the position taken by the foot of the fetus during intrauterine life. The Oplomochlion, shown in the Operationes chirurgicae and attributed to Fabrici, is actually a collection of very diverse orthotic, prosthetic and surgical metal instruments invented by Fabrici and arranged with a demonstrative purpose and a topographic criterion, as if on an exhibition dummy.