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Girolamo Fabrici d'Acquapendente and the Oplomochlion: The Several Applications of an Effective Rehabilitation Tool.
Am J Med Sci. 2020 01; 359(1):1-7.AJ

Abstract

Girolamo Fabrici d'Acquapendente (1533-1619) was an Italian anatomist, surgeon and physiologist and a protagonist of the scientific revolution of the Renaissance. He made anatomy a scientific discipline and is justly considered a precursor of modern orthopaedics. He invented and used several external corrective devices for the treatment of congenital and acquired deformities of the limbs and spinal column, especially those following tubercular infection and rickets, torticollis, vertebral caries kyphosis, scoliosis, and rachitic deformities of the leg, but also congenital dislocation of the hip and congenital club-foot. He ascribed the pathogenesis of the equinovarus supinated foot to the position taken by the foot of the fetus during intrauterine life. The Oplomochlion, shown in the Operationes chirurgicae and attributed to Fabrici, is actually a collection of very diverse orthotic, prosthetic and surgical metal instruments invented by Fabrici and arranged with a demonstrative purpose and a topographic criterion, as if on an exhibition dummy.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Surgery, Oncology and Gastroenterology DiSCOG, Orthopedic, Traumatological and Oncological Clinic. Electronic address: carlo.biz@unipd.it.Department of Neuroscience, Section of Rehabilitation.Department of Surgery, Oncology and Gastroenterology DiSCOG, Orthopedic, Traumatological and Oncological Clinic; Musculoskeletal Pathology and Oncology Laboratory, Department of Surgery, Oncology and Gastroenterology DiSCOG and.Department of Surgery, Oncology and Gastroenterology DiSCOG, Orthopedic, Traumatological and Oncological Clinic.Department of Neuroscience, Section of Rehabilitation.Medicine History, Department of Cardiac-Thoracic-Vascular Sciences and Public Health, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Biography
Historical Article
Journal Article
Portrait

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31902437

Citation

Biz, Carlo, et al. "Girolamo Fabrici d'Acquapendente and the Oplomochlion: the Several Applications of an Effective Rehabilitation Tool." The American Journal of the Medical Sciences, vol. 359, no. 1, 2020, pp. 1-7.
Biz C, Brunati A, Belluzzi E, et al. Girolamo Fabrici d'Acquapendente and the Oplomochlion: The Several Applications of an Effective Rehabilitation Tool. Am J Med Sci. 2020;359(1):1-7.
Biz, C., Brunati, A., Belluzzi, E., Ruggieri, P., Masiero, S., & Rippa Bonati, M. (2020). Girolamo Fabrici d'Acquapendente and the Oplomochlion: The Several Applications of an Effective Rehabilitation Tool. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences, 359(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjms.2019.10.007
Biz C, et al. Girolamo Fabrici d'Acquapendente and the Oplomochlion: the Several Applications of an Effective Rehabilitation Tool. Am J Med Sci. 2020;359(1):1-7. PubMed PMID: 31902437.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Girolamo Fabrici d'Acquapendente and the Oplomochlion: The Several Applications of an Effective Rehabilitation Tool. AU - Biz,Carlo, AU - Brunati,Alessandro, AU - Belluzzi,Elisa, AU - Ruggieri,Pietro, AU - Masiero,Stefano, AU - Rippa Bonati,Maurizio, Y1 - 2019/10/24/ PY - 2019/08/19/received PY - 2019/09/17/revised PY - 2019/10/17/accepted PY - 2020/1/7/entrez PY - 2020/1/7/pubmed PY - 2020/4/21/medline KW - Girolamo Fabrici d'Acquapendente KW - Oplomochlion KW - Renaissance KW - congenital-acquired deformities KW - fractures KW - orthoses SP - 1 EP - 7 JF - The American journal of the medical sciences JO - Am. J. Med. Sci. VL - 359 IS - 1 N2 - Girolamo Fabrici d'Acquapendente (1533-1619) was an Italian anatomist, surgeon and physiologist and a protagonist of the scientific revolution of the Renaissance. He made anatomy a scientific discipline and is justly considered a precursor of modern orthopaedics. He invented and used several external corrective devices for the treatment of congenital and acquired deformities of the limbs and spinal column, especially those following tubercular infection and rickets, torticollis, vertebral caries kyphosis, scoliosis, and rachitic deformities of the leg, but also congenital dislocation of the hip and congenital club-foot. He ascribed the pathogenesis of the equinovarus supinated foot to the position taken by the foot of the fetus during intrauterine life. The Oplomochlion, shown in the Operationes chirurgicae and attributed to Fabrici, is actually a collection of very diverse orthotic, prosthetic and surgical metal instruments invented by Fabrici and arranged with a demonstrative purpose and a topographic criterion, as if on an exhibition dummy. SN - 1538-2990 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31902437/Girolamo_Fabrici_d'Acquapendente_and_the_Oplomochlion:_The_Several_Applications_of_an_Effective_Rehabilitation_Tool_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-9629(19)30367-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -