Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Phthalate esters contamination in vegetable-soil system of facility greenhouses in Jingmen, central China and the assessment of health risk.
Environ Geochem Health. 2020 Sep; 42(9):2703-2721.EG

Abstract

Residual levels of six priority phthalate esters (PAEs) compounds in top soils and vegetables of 40 selected greenhouses in two typical facility vegetable greenhouse production areas of Jingmen (Hubei, central China) were determined. Total concentrations of six target PAEs (Σ6PAEs) in 72 vegetable and 40 soil samples ranged from 862 ± 209 to 4260 ± 385 µg kg-1 (dry weight, DW), and from 1122 ± 156 to 4134 ± 272 µg kg-1 (DW), respectively. Di-n-butyl phthalate and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) are the two most frequently and massively detected in all samples. The highest Σ6PAEs appeared in leaf samples of Tuanlin, vegetable fruits of Zhongxiang and soils of Tuanlin. No carcinogenic risk was posed based on the results of health risk assessment, but non-carcinogenic risk of DEHP to children less than 6 years old in Tuanlin (all 24 sampling sites) and Zhongxiang (4/16 sampling sites) and people older than 6 years old in Tuanlin (19/24 sampling sites) were achieved from hazard quotient values. The contamination risk problem of PAEs in Tuanlin deserves greatest concern in Jingmen. Combined with the results of our former study, the health risks of target pollutants were clarified and the lack of survey data on PAE concentrations in facility vegetable greenhouses of central China was filled in. Due to high residuals and significant non-carcinogenic risk values, DEHP should be nominated as priority PAEs in China. Our study suggested better regulation for PAEs control in intensively managed greenhouses and references for revision of Chinese environmental standards.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Hanjiang, Hubei University of Arts and Science, Xiangyang, 441053, Hubei, China. Key Laboratory of Soil Environment and Pollution Remediation, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, 210008, Jiangsu, China.School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Hubei University of Arts and Science, Xiangyang, 441053, Hubei, China. zhouwei0720@126.com.Shanghai Research Institute of Chemical Industry, Shanghai, 200062, China.School of Food Science and Technology and School of Chemical Engineering, Hubei University of Arts and Science, Xiangyang, 441053, Hubei, China.Key Laboratory of Soil Environment and Pollution Remediation, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, 210008, Jiangsu, China.Jiangsu Rainfine Environmental Science and Technology Co. Ltd., Nanjing, 210000, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31907782

Citation

Ma, Tingting, et al. "Phthalate Esters Contamination in Vegetable-soil System of Facility Greenhouses in Jingmen, Central China and the Assessment of Health Risk." Environmental Geochemistry and Health, vol. 42, no. 9, 2020, pp. 2703-2721.
Ma T, Zhou W, Chen L, et al. Phthalate esters contamination in vegetable-soil system of facility greenhouses in Jingmen, central China and the assessment of health risk. Environ Geochem Health. 2020;42(9):2703-2721.
Ma, T., Zhou, W., Chen, L., Li, Y., Luo, Y., & Wu, P. (2020). Phthalate esters contamination in vegetable-soil system of facility greenhouses in Jingmen, central China and the assessment of health risk. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 42(9), 2703-2721. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-019-00504-2
Ma T, et al. Phthalate Esters Contamination in Vegetable-soil System of Facility Greenhouses in Jingmen, Central China and the Assessment of Health Risk. Environ Geochem Health. 2020;42(9):2703-2721. PubMed PMID: 31907782.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Phthalate esters contamination in vegetable-soil system of facility greenhouses in Jingmen, central China and the assessment of health risk. AU - Ma,Tingting, AU - Zhou,Wei, AU - Chen,Like, AU - Li,Yuqi, AU - Luo,Yongming, AU - Wu,Peng, Y1 - 2020/01/06/ PY - 2019/09/10/received PY - 2019/12/18/accepted PY - 2020/1/8/pubmed PY - 2020/10/2/medline PY - 2020/1/8/entrez KW - 3D PCA KW - Central China KW - Greenhouse vegetables KW - Health risks KW - Heatmap SP - 2703 EP - 2721 JF - Environmental geochemistry and health JO - Environ Geochem Health VL - 42 IS - 9 N2 - Residual levels of six priority phthalate esters (PAEs) compounds in top soils and vegetables of 40 selected greenhouses in two typical facility vegetable greenhouse production areas of Jingmen (Hubei, central China) were determined. Total concentrations of six target PAEs (Σ6PAEs) in 72 vegetable and 40 soil samples ranged from 862 ± 209 to 4260 ± 385 µg kg-1 (dry weight, DW), and from 1122 ± 156 to 4134 ± 272 µg kg-1 (DW), respectively. Di-n-butyl phthalate and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) are the two most frequently and massively detected in all samples. The highest Σ6PAEs appeared in leaf samples of Tuanlin, vegetable fruits of Zhongxiang and soils of Tuanlin. No carcinogenic risk was posed based on the results of health risk assessment, but non-carcinogenic risk of DEHP to children less than 6 years old in Tuanlin (all 24 sampling sites) and Zhongxiang (4/16 sampling sites) and people older than 6 years old in Tuanlin (19/24 sampling sites) were achieved from hazard quotient values. The contamination risk problem of PAEs in Tuanlin deserves greatest concern in Jingmen. Combined with the results of our former study, the health risks of target pollutants were clarified and the lack of survey data on PAE concentrations in facility vegetable greenhouses of central China was filled in. Due to high residuals and significant non-carcinogenic risk values, DEHP should be nominated as priority PAEs in China. Our study suggested better regulation for PAEs control in intensively managed greenhouses and references for revision of Chinese environmental standards. SN - 1573-2983 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31907782/Phthalate_esters_contamination_in_vegetable_soil_system_of_facility_greenhouses_in_Jingmen_central_China_and_the_assessment_of_health_risk_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-019-00504-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -