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Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Devices Among the Oldest-Old: Loneliness, Anomie, and Autonomy.
Innov Aging. 2020; 4(2):igz050.IA

Abstract

Background and Objectives

A good person-environment-fit has positive effects on well-being in old age. As digital technologies are an integral part of older adults' environments, we predicted that the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) is associated with subjective well-being among the oldest-old. Specifically, we compared different user groups of ICT devices (nonusers, users of nonweb-connected ICT, users of web-connected ICT) and analyzed the relations among ICT use and three domains of subjective well-being (loneliness, anomie, autonomy).

Research Design and Methods

We performed a quantitative data analysis using data from the first representative state-wide survey study in North-Rhine Westphalia, Germany on quality of life and well-being of the oldest-old (n = 1,698; age range: 80-103; 9% long-term care). Multiple regression analyses were applied.

Results

The findings revealed that 25.9% of all individuals aged 80 years and older reported using web-connected ICT, in contrast to 38.5% who do not use ICT at all. Individuals who used web-connected ICT reported lower levels of loneliness and anomie, and higher levels of autonomy. These differences remain significant when controlling for indicators of social inclusion and individual characteristics.

Discussion and Implications

This study investigated an underexplored group in terms of ICT use, shedding light on the relationship between ICT use and subjective well-being. The oldest-old generally use ICT in their everyday life but an age-related digital divide still exists. To avoid negative consequences of nonuse digital infrastructures and technology training for older adults need to be established.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Special Education and Rehabilitation Science, Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Cologne, Germany.University Research Priority Program "Dynamics of Healthy Aging", Switzerland. Center of Competence for Gerontology, University of Zurich, Switzerland.Department of Special Education and Rehabilitation Science, Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Cologne, Germany.Cologne Center for Ethics, Rights, Economics, and Social Sciences of Health (CERES), Germany. Research Unit Ethics, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Cologne, University of Cologne, Germany.Mixed Methods Research, Faculty of Educational and Social Sciences, Heidelberg University of Education, Germany.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31911953

Citation

Schlomann, Anna, et al. "Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Devices Among the Oldest-Old: Loneliness, Anomie, and Autonomy." Innovation in Aging, vol. 4, no. 2, 2020, pp. igz050.
Schlomann A, Seifert A, Zank S, et al. Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Devices Among the Oldest-Old: Loneliness, Anomie, and Autonomy. Innov Aging. 2020;4(2):igz050.
Schlomann, A., Seifert, A., Zank, S., Woopen, C., & Rietz, C. (2020). Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Devices Among the Oldest-Old: Loneliness, Anomie, and Autonomy. Innovation in Aging, 4(2), igz050. https://doi.org/10.1093/geroni/igz050
Schlomann A, et al. Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Devices Among the Oldest-Old: Loneliness, Anomie, and Autonomy. Innov Aging. 2020;4(2):igz050. PubMed PMID: 31911953.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Devices Among the Oldest-Old: Loneliness, Anomie, and Autonomy. AU - Schlomann,Anna, AU - Seifert,Alexander, AU - Zank,Susanne, AU - Woopen,Christiane, AU - Rietz,Christian, Y1 - 2020/01/01/ PY - 2019/08/22/received PY - 2020/1/9/entrez PY - 2020/1/9/pubmed PY - 2020/1/9/medline KW - Digitization KW - Germany KW - Internet KW - Subjective well-being KW - Technology use SP - igz050 EP - igz050 JF - Innovation in aging JO - Innov Aging VL - 4 IS - 2 N2 - Background and Objectives: A good person-environment-fit has positive effects on well-being in old age. As digital technologies are an integral part of older adults' environments, we predicted that the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) is associated with subjective well-being among the oldest-old. Specifically, we compared different user groups of ICT devices (nonusers, users of nonweb-connected ICT, users of web-connected ICT) and analyzed the relations among ICT use and three domains of subjective well-being (loneliness, anomie, autonomy). Research Design and Methods: We performed a quantitative data analysis using data from the first representative state-wide survey study in North-Rhine Westphalia, Germany on quality of life and well-being of the oldest-old (n = 1,698; age range: 80-103; 9% long-term care). Multiple regression analyses were applied. Results: The findings revealed that 25.9% of all individuals aged 80 years and older reported using web-connected ICT, in contrast to 38.5% who do not use ICT at all. Individuals who used web-connected ICT reported lower levels of loneliness and anomie, and higher levels of autonomy. These differences remain significant when controlling for indicators of social inclusion and individual characteristics. Discussion and Implications: This study investigated an underexplored group in terms of ICT use, shedding light on the relationship between ICT use and subjective well-being. The oldest-old generally use ICT in their everyday life but an age-related digital divide still exists. To avoid negative consequences of nonuse digital infrastructures and technology training for older adults need to be established. SN - 2399-5300 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31911953/Use_of_Information_and_Communication_Technology_(ICT)_Devices_Among_the_Oldest-Old:_Loneliness,_Anomie,_and_Autonomy L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/31911953/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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