The Danish case-control study of cutaneous malignant melanoma. III. Hormonal and reproductive factors in women.Int J Cancer. 1988 Dec 15; 42(6):821-4.IJ
The relationship between cutaneous malignant melanoma in women and reproductive and hormonal factors was investigated in a population-based case-control study including a total of 280 cases and 536 controls from East Denmark. Patients with lentigo maligna melanoma were not included. No association was found between risk of melanoma and age at menarche, duration of menstrual life, age at natural menopause, age at first pregnancy, or number of pregnancies, live births or miscarriages. There was no evidence of an association between melanoma and use, duration of use or type of oral contraceptives. The use of menopausal replacement therapy was not a risk factor for melanoma. There was no difference in risk associated with hormonal factors between superficial spreading melanoma and nodular melanoma. Our findings suggest that neither reproductive nor hormonal factors increase the risk of melanoma in women in Denmark.