Abnormal left ventricular flow organization following repair of tetralogy of Fallot.J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2020 Oct; 160(4):1008-1015.JT
Left ventricular intracavitary flow (LVICF) characteristics reflect diastolic function. Right ventricular (RV) volume overload due to pulmonary regurgitation (PR) adversely impacts interventricular interactions and left ventricular (LV) function. This aimed to determine whether patients with PR and mild to moderate RV dilation after repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair have abnormal LVICF, and to determine whether RV dilation and biventricular function correlate with LVICF abnormalities.
Patients with repaired TOF with PR (n = 11) and controls (n = 11) underwent LVICF analysis. LV end-diastolic volume was partitioned into 4 flow components: direct flow, retained inflow, delayed ejection flow, and residual volume. Flow components were correlated with indexed biventricular size, function, and LV strain.
The TOF patients had reduced direct flow (35% vs 25%; P = .004) and increased residual volume (15% vs 24%; P = .026) compared with controls. Retained inflow and delayed ejection flow did not differ. Reduced direct flow correlated with increased RV end-diastolic volume index (R = 0.44; P = .042), RV end-systolic volume index (R = -0.46; P = .032), reduced RV ejection fraction (R = 0.45; P = .036), and reduced LV circumferential strain (R = 0.52; P = .014). Increased residual volume correlated with increased RV end-systolic volume index (R = 0.52; P = .013), reduced LV ejection fraction (R = -0.54; P = .010), and reduced LV circumferential strain (R = -0.44; P = .040).
Patients with repaired TOF with mild to moderate RV dilation have abnormal LV diastolic direct flow and increased recirculating residual volume. These changes correlate with the degree of RV dilation and impaired LV function.