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Morphological and Compositional Analysis of Two Walnut (Juglans regia L.) Cultivars Growing in China.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2020 Mar; 75(1):116-123.PF

Abstract

Two selected walnut cultivars (Xiangling and Jizhaomian) growing in China were analyzed in terms of proximate and mineral composition, fatty acid and amino acid profile. According to the higher kernel rate (61.22%), thinner shell (1.03 mm), higher content of fat (66.93%), protein (20.97%), essential amino acids (29.31% of total amino acids) and minerals such as manganese, zinc and copper, Xiangling would be the more nutritive cultivar with more commercial value. However, Jizhaomian would be the more healthful cultivar based on the higher content of polyunsaturated fatty acids (79.39% of total fatty acids), and it would be more sensitive to rancidity. Jizhaomian also showed higher content in potassium, calcium, magnesium and iron. Genotype is the major source of variability in morphology and chemical compositions. Regardless of the cultivar, consumption of walnuts is desirably encouraged, since all of them contain compounds potentially beneficial to health.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Shandong Academy of Forestry, 42, East Wenhua Road, Jinan, 250014, Shandong, China. binghualiu@163.com.Shandong Academy of Forestry, 42, East Wenhua Road, Jinan, 250014, Shandong, China.Shandong Academy of Forestry, 42, East Wenhua Road, Jinan, 250014, Shandong, China.Shandong Academy of Forestry, 42, East Wenhua Road, Jinan, 250014, Shandong, China.Shandong Academy of Forestry, 42, East Wenhua Road, Jinan, 250014, Shandong, China.Shandong Academy of Forestry, 42, East Wenhua Road, Jinan, 250014, Shandong, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31925636

Citation

Liu, Binghua, et al. "Morphological and Compositional Analysis of Two Walnut (Juglans Regia L.) Cultivars Growing in China." Plant Foods for Human Nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands), vol. 75, no. 1, 2020, pp. 116-123.
Liu B, Liang J, Zhao D, et al. Morphological and Compositional Analysis of Two Walnut (Juglans regia L.) Cultivars Growing in China. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2020;75(1):116-123.
Liu, B., Liang, J., Zhao, D., Wang, K., Jia, M., & Wang, J. (2020). Morphological and Compositional Analysis of Two Walnut (Juglans regia L.) Cultivars Growing in China. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands), 75(1), 116-123. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11130-019-00794-y
Liu B, et al. Morphological and Compositional Analysis of Two Walnut (Juglans Regia L.) Cultivars Growing in China. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2020;75(1):116-123. PubMed PMID: 31925636.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Morphological and Compositional Analysis of Two Walnut (Juglans regia L.) Cultivars Growing in China. AU - Liu,Binghua, AU - Liang,Jing, AU - Zhao,Dengchao, AU - Wang,Kaifang, AU - Jia,Ming, AU - Wang,Jing, PY - 2020/1/12/pubmed PY - 2020/3/10/medline PY - 2020/1/12/entrez KW - Amino acids KW - Fatty acids KW - Kernel rate KW - Minerals KW - Protein KW - Walnut SP - 116 EP - 123 JF - Plant foods for human nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands) JO - Plant Foods Hum Nutr VL - 75 IS - 1 N2 - Two selected walnut cultivars (Xiangling and Jizhaomian) growing in China were analyzed in terms of proximate and mineral composition, fatty acid and amino acid profile. According to the higher kernel rate (61.22%), thinner shell (1.03 mm), higher content of fat (66.93%), protein (20.97%), essential amino acids (29.31% of total amino acids) and minerals such as manganese, zinc and copper, Xiangling would be the more nutritive cultivar with more commercial value. However, Jizhaomian would be the more healthful cultivar based on the higher content of polyunsaturated fatty acids (79.39% of total fatty acids), and it would be more sensitive to rancidity. Jizhaomian also showed higher content in potassium, calcium, magnesium and iron. Genotype is the major source of variability in morphology and chemical compositions. Regardless of the cultivar, consumption of walnuts is desirably encouraged, since all of them contain compounds potentially beneficial to health. SN - 1573-9104 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31925636/Morphological_and_Compositional_Analysis_of_Two_Walnut__Juglans_regia_L___Cultivars_Growing_in_China_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s11130-019-00794-y DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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