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Evaluation of oral care protocols practice by dentists in Rio de Janeiro towards HIV/AIDS individuals.
BMC Oral Health. 2020 01 14; 20(1):13.BO

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The aim of this study was to evaluate the dentists' knowledge and practice regarding HIV positive individuals' oral care in Rio de Janeiro State.

METHODS

Dentists from Rio de Janeiro State (n = 242) answered an electronic questionnaire on biosafety procedures, oral manifestations of AIDS, and knowledge of HIV infection. Collected information was stratified by gender, and data were analyzed using Chi-square and t tests.

RESULTS

From the 14 oral manifestations investigated, oral candidiasis, necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, and hairy leucoplakia were more associated with HIV, with no differences between the responses from men and women. Above 85% of the participants would be concerned about becoming infected with HIV after a needle/ sharp object injury and more than 80% of them were willing to be tested for HIV. However, significantly more women (98.8%), compared to men (91.3%), said they knew that HIV/ AIDS patients can contaminate dental care professionals, p = 0.007. There was a significant difference in the answers for the questions: "Are there special dental clinics for treatment of HIV/AIDS patients in Brazil?" (p = 0.044), and "Do the negative HIV tests surely indicate that the persons are free of viruses?" (p = 0.005). Significant differences between men and women were also observed regarding use of disposable mask (p = 0.01), and cap (p < 0.0001).

CONCLUSION

Most dentists who participated in the study presented a good knowledge on the care of HIV/ AIDS individuals, including biosafety protocols and in terms of the oral manifestations commonly associated to AIDS.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Dentistry, Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, University of Grande Rio (UNIGRANRIO), Rua Prof. Jose de Souza Herdy, 1160, Jardim 25 de Agosto, CEP, Duque de Caxias, RJ, 25071-202, Brazil. carinabogho@unigranrio.edu.br.School of Dentistry, Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, University of Grande Rio (UNIGRANRIO), Rua Prof. Jose de Souza Herdy, 1160, Jardim 25 de Agosto, CEP, Duque de Caxias, RJ, 25071-202, Brazil.School of Dentistry, Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, University of Grande Rio (UNIGRANRIO), Rua Prof. Jose de Souza Herdy, 1160, Jardim 25 de Agosto, CEP, Duque de Caxias, RJ, 25071-202, Brazil.School of Dentistry, Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, University of Grande Rio (UNIGRANRIO), Rua Prof. Jose de Souza Herdy, 1160, Jardim 25 de Agosto, CEP, Duque de Caxias, RJ, 25071-202, Brazil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31937291

Citation

Silva-Boghossian, Carina Maciel, et al. "Evaluation of Oral Care Protocols Practice By Dentists in Rio De Janeiro Towards HIV/AIDS Individuals." BMC Oral Health, vol. 20, no. 1, 2020, p. 13.
Silva-Boghossian CM, Boscardini BAB, Pereira CM, et al. Evaluation of oral care protocols practice by dentists in Rio de Janeiro towards HIV/AIDS individuals. BMC Oral Health. 2020;20(1):13.
Silva-Boghossian, C. M., Boscardini, B. A. B., Pereira, C. M., & Moreira, E. J. L. (2020). Evaluation of oral care protocols practice by dentists in Rio de Janeiro towards HIV/AIDS individuals. BMC Oral Health, 20(1), 13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-020-0999-7
Silva-Boghossian CM, et al. Evaluation of Oral Care Protocols Practice By Dentists in Rio De Janeiro Towards HIV/AIDS Individuals. BMC Oral Health. 2020 01 14;20(1):13. PubMed PMID: 31937291.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation of oral care protocols practice by dentists in Rio de Janeiro towards HIV/AIDS individuals. AU - Silva-Boghossian,Carina Maciel, AU - Boscardini,Brenda Azzariti Berrondo, AU - Pereira,Claudia Maria, AU - Moreira,Edson Jorge Lima, Y1 - 2020/01/14/ PY - 2019/10/26/received PY - 2020/01/03/accepted PY - 2020/1/16/entrez PY - 2020/1/16/pubmed PY - 2020/8/11/medline KW - AIDS KW - Dental professional KW - Dentist KW - HIV KW - Oral health SP - 13 EP - 13 JF - BMC oral health JO - BMC Oral Health VL - 20 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the dentists' knowledge and practice regarding HIV positive individuals' oral care in Rio de Janeiro State. METHODS: Dentists from Rio de Janeiro State (n = 242) answered an electronic questionnaire on biosafety procedures, oral manifestations of AIDS, and knowledge of HIV infection. Collected information was stratified by gender, and data were analyzed using Chi-square and t tests. RESULTS: From the 14 oral manifestations investigated, oral candidiasis, necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, and hairy leucoplakia were more associated with HIV, with no differences between the responses from men and women. Above 85% of the participants would be concerned about becoming infected with HIV after a needle/ sharp object injury and more than 80% of them were willing to be tested for HIV. However, significantly more women (98.8%), compared to men (91.3%), said they knew that HIV/ AIDS patients can contaminate dental care professionals, p = 0.007. There was a significant difference in the answers for the questions: "Are there special dental clinics for treatment of HIV/AIDS patients in Brazil?" (p = 0.044), and "Do the negative HIV tests surely indicate that the persons are free of viruses?" (p = 0.005). Significant differences between men and women were also observed regarding use of disposable mask (p = 0.01), and cap (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Most dentists who participated in the study presented a good knowledge on the care of HIV/ AIDS individuals, including biosafety protocols and in terms of the oral manifestations commonly associated to AIDS. SN - 1472-6831 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31937291/Evaluation_of_oral_care_protocols_practice_by_dentists_in_Rio_de_Janeiro_towards_HIV/AIDS_individuals L2 - https://bmcoralhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12903-020-0999-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -